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Thread: All Slavic languages: False friends

  1. #1141
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by ilocas2 View Post
    Polish - żmija - viper
    Czech - zmije - viper
    Croatian, Bosnian, Serbian - zmija - snake
    Quote Originally Posted by Orlin View Post
    Bulgarian змия, Russian змея - snake.
    Slovak: zmija = viper
    Quote Originally Posted by TriglavNationalPark View Post
    Slovenian:

    kača = snake
    Slovak: káča = duckling (kačica, kačka = duck); kača = an offensive name for a stupid woman

  2. #1142
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Russian: налог = tax

    Polish: nałóg = addiction

  3. #1143
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by lior neith View Post
    Slovak: zmija = viper
    Slovak: káča = duckling (kačica, kačka = duck); kača = an offensive name for a stupid woman
    Slovenian: raca = duck
    račka, račica = duckling, little duck

    kača = snake; offensive word for a crafty, perfidious woman
    kačica = little snake

    Quote Originally Posted by volkonsky View Post
    Russian: налог = tax

    Polish: nałóg = addiction
    Slovenian: nalog = order (written), money order, court order; archaically also task (now naloga)
    Last edited by TriglavNationalPark; 30th June 2010 at 4:37 PM.

  4. #1144
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian: mariti = to mind, to care

    Czech: mařit /Slovak: mariť = to spoil, to thwart

  5. #1145
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by lior neith View Post
    Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian: mariti = to mind, to care

    Czech: mařit /Slovak: mariť = to spoil, to thwart
    And Polish: marzyć = to dream

  6. #1146
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by bibax View Post

    In Czech:

    život (= life) also means abdomen, venter, e.g. plod života tvého (= fructus ventris tui) in Ave Maria;
    Almost the same in Polish:

    żywot - (archaic) - life (nowadays we say życie), but in very Old-Polish it also meant "abdomen, womb" - owoc żywota Twojego (=fructus ventris tui)

  7. #1147
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    And Polish: marzyć = to dream
    Definitely I do know, what it exactly means when they sing Masz prawo marzyć teraz i tu - na przekór kłamstwu, na przekór złu ... To cała prawda .-)

    żywot - (archaic) - life (nowadays we say życie)
    Slovak / Czech: žitie / žití - 1. living n., 2. life bookishly (and not in all sensuses) :-)
    Last edited by vianie; 1st July 2010 at 12:57 AM.

  8. #1148
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    I haven't mentioned withal:

    Czech: mařit - 2. to dream arch.

    Slovak: mariť sa - to seem, to appear in an indistinct way, see unclearly
    EDIT: v očiach sa mi marí (marí sa mi pred očami) = vidím hmlisto = I see hazily
    Last edited by vianie; 2nd July 2010 at 1:59 AM.

  9. #1149
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Serbian: крст - cross
    Slovak: krst - baptism, christening

    Serbian: дужина - length
    Czech / Slovak: dužina - pulp, pith (in Czech also "stave")

    Croatian: časnik - officer
    Slovak: čašník - the waiter, potman (of course from "čaša")
    Last edited by vianie; 2nd July 2010 at 8:02 AM.

  10. #1150
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Polish - nożyczki - "scissors"
    Czech - nožičký - "little legs"

    Polish - nóżki - "little legs"
    Czech - nůžky - "scissors" :-)

  11. #1151
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by marco_2 View Post
    Polish - nożyczki - "scissors"
    Czech - nožičky - "little legs"

    Polish - nóżki - "little legs"
    Czech - nůžky - "scissors" :-)
    Slovak: nožičky, nôžky = little legs (nožnice, nožničky = scissors)

  12. #1152
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by vianie View Post
    Serbian: крст - cross
    Slovak: krst - baptism, christening
    Slovenian: krst = baptism, christening

    Quote Originally Posted by vianie View Post
    Serbian: дужина - length
    Czech / Slovak: dužina - pulp, pith (in Czech also "stave")
    Slovenian: dolžina = length

    Quote Originally Posted by vianie View Post
    Croatian: časnik - officer
    Slovak: čašník - the waiter, potman (of course from "čaša")
    Slovenian: časnik = newspaper
    častnik = officer

    Quote Originally Posted by marco_2 View Post
    Polish - nożyczki - "scissors"
    Czech - nožičký - "little legs"
    Slovenian: nožička = pocket knife (regional, otherwise nožiček)
    nožica = little foot, little leg

    Quote Originally Posted by marco_2 View Post
    Polish - nóżki - "little legs"
    Czech - nůžky - "scissors" :-)
    Slovenian: nožki = little knives

    Quote Originally Posted by lior neith View Post
    Slovak: nožičky, nôžky = little legs (nožnice, nožničky = scissors)
    Slovenian: nožnice = sheaths, vaginas
    Last edited by TriglavNationalPark; 2nd July 2010 at 2:44 PM.

  13. #1153
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Czech / Slovak jednak = partly, in part.
    Polish jednak = however, nevertheless.
    Jazyk

  14. #1154
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by jazyk View Post
    Czech / Slovak jednak = partly, in part.
    Polish jednak = however, nevertheless.
    Slovenian: enak = the same

  15. #1155
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by TriglavNationalPark View Post
    Slovenian: enak = the same
    BCS jednak = equal, same

  16. #1156
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Czech + Slovak : jednaký - of the same kind, manner, thought / jednako - in the same way
    Last edited by vianie; 3rd July 2010 at 11:30 PM.

  17. #1157
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Czech / Slovak oprava = repair, correction, amendment.
    Polish oprawa = frames, rim (glasses), setting (jewelry).
    Jazyk

  18. #1158
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by jazyk View Post
    Czech / Slovak oprava = repair, correction, amendment.
    Polish oprawa = frames, rim (glasses), setting (jewelry).
    Slovenian: oprava = execution of a task (bookish); clothing (somewhat archaic); furniture (archaic); table settings (archaic)
    poprava = repair, correction
    odprava = abolition; expedition

  19. #1159
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by TriglavNationalPark View Post
    Slovenian: oprava = execution of a task (bookish); clothing (somewhat archaic); furniture (archaic); table settings (archaic)
    poprava = repair, correction
    odprava = abolition; expedition
    Czech/Slovak: poprava = execution (killing)

    CZ/SK: odprava = from the right (archaically also "execution")

  20. #1160
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by vianie View Post
    I haven't mentioned withal:

    Czech: mařit - 2. to dream arch.

    Slovak: mariť sa - to seem, to appear in an indistinct way, see unclearly
    EDIT: v očiach sa mi marí (marí sa mi pred očami) = vidím hmlisto = I see hazily
    Russian: марево - a (heat) haze, no such verb though

    Quote Originally Posted by vianie View Post
    Serbian: крст - cross
    Slovak: krst - baptism, christening
    Russian: крест - cross

    Serbian: дужина - length
    Czech / Slovak: dužina - pulp, pith (in Czech also "stave")
    Russian: дюжина - dozen(obviously a false cognate, length is длинна/долгота, and долж- is reserved for derivatives of долг - a duty, debt)
    also дюжий - hefty

    Croatian: časnik - officer
    Slovak: čašník - the waiter, potman (of course from "čaša")
    Russian: частник - a private motorist/owner/whoever, from частный - particular, private
    чашник - historically a kind of court waiter

    Quote Originally Posted by marco_2 View Post
    Polish - nożyczki - "scissors"
    Czech - nožičký - "little legs"

    Polish - nóżki - "little legs"
    Czech - nůžky - "scissors" :-)
    Russian: ножички - knives(dim.)
    ножки - legs(dim.)
    ножницы/ножнички - scissors/(dim.)
    ножны - scabbard/sheath

    Quote Originally Posted by jazyk View Post
    Czech / Slovak oprava = repair, correction, amendment.
    Polish oprawa = frames, rim (glasses), setting (jewelry).
    Russian: the same as in Polish

    Quote Originally Posted by jazyk View Post
    Czech / Slovak jednak = partly, in part.
    Polish jednak = however, nevertheless.
    Russian: однако = however, nevertheless
    Last edited by Sobakus; 4th July 2010 at 8:25 PM.

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