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Thread: All Slavic languages: False friends

  1. #1661
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    BCMS:
    ulcer
    = čir, vrijed, ulkus
    ulcerous = čirni, vrjedan, ulkusni

    vrijedan = worthy
    vrijedan = industrious, hard-working

  2. #1662
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Bosnian teniske, Bulgarian тениски (see here).

  3. #1663
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    cz......tenisky, kecky........sport shoes

  4. #1664
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Czech/Slovak zmrzlina = icecream.
    Polish zmarzlina = frozen ground.
    Jazyk

  5. #1665
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Macedonian: свирка = a musical show / concert
    Bulgarian: свирка = a certain sexual act performed on a man....*cough*
    Ѥсмь Югословѣ́н!

  6. #1666
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by Bog Svarog View Post
    Bulgarian: свирка = a certain sexual act performed on a man....*cough*
    Съгласен съм с това, що се отнася до жаргонното значение на думата. Иначе у нас свирка е и музикален инструмент или друго устройство, издаващо звук при продухване на въздух (например такава има спортният съдия, полицаят или железничарят за сигнализиране при нужда). Тази дума все пак произлиза от глагола свиря, който значи почти същото като BCS svirati, т. е. е "съвсем безобиден" (основната разлика е, че у нас освен музициране може да изразява и звуково сигнализиране - например по служба при професиите, споменати по-горе).
    Last edited by Orlin; 11th October 2011 at 11:38 AM. Reason: допълнение, линк

  7. #1667
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Czech: svírka is a technical term (derived from the verb svírati = to clench, to hold).

    For example:

    lanová svírka = a mechanical device that attaches to the rope and can only slide up, not down (an ascender);

    přepojovací svírka = switchboard jack (in telephony);

    Other technical terms (with different meaning) derived from the same verb: svěrka, svorka.

  8. #1668
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Polish: gałka - knob; ball; knurl

    Russian: галка - jackdaw

  9. #1669
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by bibax View Post
    Czech: svírka is a technical term (derived from the verb svírati = to clench, to hold).
    In Polish: świr is sb crazy (świrka sounds like a female form of świr but nobody uses it in Poland).
    We have also a verb świrować = to behave like crazy

  10. #1670
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Czech chám = villain, serf; cad, villain; sperm.
    Polish cham = lout, boor.
    Jazyk

  11. #1671
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by jazyk View Post
    Czech chám = villain, serf; cad, villain; sperm.
    Polish cham = lout, boor.
    + Russian хам = lout, boor.

  12. #1672
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Czech pomalu/Slovak pomaly = slowly.
    Croatian pomalo = a little.
    Jazyk

  13. #1673
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by jazyk View Post
    Czech pomalu/Slovak pomaly = slowly.
    Croatian pomalo = a little.
    + Croatian dialectal
    pomalu/pomale = slowly

  14. #1674
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Slovak: bylina = herb, herbaceous plant

    Polish: bylina = perennial plant

  15. #1675
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Slovak: bylina = herb, herbaceous plant
    Same as Czech.
    Jazyk

  16. #1676
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by jazyk View Post
    Czech chám = villain, serf; cad, villain; sperm.
    Polish cham = lout, boor.
    But also: Polish: serf

  17. #1677
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by pawel_zet View Post
    In Polish: świr is sb crazy (świrka sounds like a female form of świr but nobody uses it in Poland).
    We have also a verb świrować = to behave like crazy
    Which also can be used as "świrować (na) kogoś innego", which is a slang way to say "to act like someone else", for example "ten typ świruje filozofa", translates to "this guy is acting like he was a philosopher".

    And "Świr" is also a pseudonym of the ex-footballer Piotr Świerczewski

    Quote Originally Posted by jazyk
    Czech pomalu/Slovak pomaly = slowly.
    Croatian pomalo = a little.
    Polish pomału = slowly.

    Quote Originally Posted by marco2
    Polish: gałka - knob; ball; knurl
    In Polish slang: robić gałę/gałkę - to give a blowjob.

  18. #1678
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by bibax View Post
    Czech: svírka is a technical term (derived from the verb svírati = to clench, to hold).
    How do you pronounce "v" in "svirka"? As a "v" or as an "f"?

  19. #1679
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    It is an exception from the assimilation rule. Although s is voiceless and v is voiced, s is pronounced as s (and not z) and v is pronounced as v (and not f). Similarly tvůj is pronounced [tvu:j], k vám is pronounced [kva:m]. However in some dialects the pronounciation is [tfu:j] and [kfa:m] (according F. Trávníček).

    There is a possibility that in some positions (e.g. in dva, k vám) v is pronounced bilabiallly (nearly like English w) or as a semivowel.

  20. #1680
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by bibax View Post
    It is an exception from the assimilation rule. Although s is voiceless and v is voiced, s is pronounced as s (and not z) and v is pronounced as v (and not f). Similarly tvůj is pronounced [tvu:j], k vám is pronounced [kva:m]. However in some dialects the pronounciation is [tfu:j] and [kfa:m] (according F. Trávníček).

    There is a possibility that in some positions (e.g. in dva, k vám) v is pronounced bilabiallly (nearly like English w) or as a semivowel.
    Thank you! If this is of interest for you, in Polish only zvirka or sfirka is possible, two consonants after each other will always have the same sounding.

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