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Thread: All Slavic languages: False friends

  1. #1921
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Czech:

    plesat - to exult, to rejoice, to be jubilant
    sukénka/sukýnka - little skirt

  2. #1922
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Slovak predavač shop assistant
    BSC predavač lecturer
    Last edited by Encolpius; 26th January 2013 at 3:00 PM.
    [ɒkinɛk humorɒ vɒn, mindɛnˤtud, ɒkinɛk niŋʧ, mindɛnrɛ ke.pɛʃ]

  3. #1923
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Slovak prepona Czech přepona = hypotenuse i.e. the side of a right triangle opposite the right angle
    Slovene prepona Polish przepona = diaphragm i.e. muscle separating the thoracic and abdominal cavity
    [ɒkinɛk humorɒ vɒn, mindɛnˤtud, ɒkinɛk niŋʧ, mindɛnrɛ ke.pɛʃ]

  4. #1924
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by Encolpius View Post
    Slovak predavač shop assistant
    BSC predavač lecturer
    Bulgarian продавач (prodavač) - shop assistant

    предавам (predavam) - to give, give up, give in, deliver (to give something I am ought to)

    predavač - Not used. Although in hearing it would rather be understood as предавател (predavatel - transmitter) than someone who gives something.

    lecturer - преподавател (prepodavatel), лектор (lektor)

  5. #1925
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by Encolpius View Post
    Slovak prepona Czech přepona = hypotenuse i.e. the side of a right triangle opposite the right angle
    Slovene prepona Polish przepona = diaphragm i.e. muscle separating the thoracic and abdominal cavity
    Russian:
    препоны /prepony/ - obstacles (usually in plural; I guess the singular would be препонa, although I've never heard that)
    перепонка
    /pereponka/ - any kind of membrane (ear-drum, webbing on feet of water birds, etc...)

  6. #1926
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by Encolpius View Post
    Slovak predavač shop assistant
    BSC predavač lecturer
    Russian:
    продавец /prodavets/ - sales clerk
    преподаватель /prepodavatel'/ - lecturer

  7. #1927
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Slovak fúkať Czech foukat = to blow
    Slovene fukati [fu:kati] = to f*k
    [ɒkinɛk humorɒ vɒn, mindɛnˤtud, ɒkinɛk niŋʧ, mindɛnrɛ ke.pɛʃ]

  8. #1928
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by rusita preciosa View Post
    Russian:
    препоны /prepony/ - obstacles (usually in plural; I guess the singular would be препонa, although I've never heard that)
    перепонка
    /pereponka/ - any kind of membrane (ear-drum, webbing on feet of water birds, etc...)
    Bulgarian:

    спънка/спънки (spănka/spănki) - obstacles, make someone stumble

    препъвам,спъвам (се) (prepăvam,spăvam (se)- verb - to stumble (myself)

  9. #1929
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by Encolpius View Post
    Slovak fúkať Czech foukat = to blow
    Slovene fukati [fu:kati] = to f*k
    Bulgarian:

    фукам (се) (fukam (se) - to splurge (colloquially)

    the slovene meaning is:

    чукам (čukam) - it also means to knock

  10. #1930
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Polish: fukać - to snort, to puff
    ofuknąć kogoś - to scold sb

  11. #1931
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Slovak krivica (Czech křivice, Polish krzywica)rickets, rachitis i.e. childhood disease
    Slovene & BSC krivica guilt
    [ɒkinɛk humorɒ vɒn, mindɛnˤtud, ɒkinɛk niŋʧ, mindɛnrɛ ke.pɛʃ]

  12. #1932
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by Encolpius View Post
    Slovak krivica (Czech křivice, Polish krzywica)rickets, rachitis i.e. childhood disease
    Slovene & BSC krivica guilt
    Krivica means "injustice" in Slovenian. Krivda means "guilt". It's a common Slovenian/BCS false friend.

  13. #1933
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by TriglavNationalPark View Post
    Krivica means "injustice" in Slovenian. Krivda means "guilt". It's a common Slovenian/BCS false friend.
    ...And in BCS it's exactly the opposite. I think we've mentioned it before, but it's hard to search 39 pages.

  14. #1934
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    In Czech krivda means injustice (spelled křivda)

  15. #1935
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by rusita preciosa View Post
    Russian:
    пляс /plias/ - folk dance (I’d say, it would be almost the opposite of ballroom dance).
    плясать /pliasat’/ - to dance, but not in an elegant way
    Plesat in Czech also means to rejoice.
    Last edited by wtfpwnage; 30th January 2013 at 12:09 PM.

  16. #1936
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by wtfpwnage View Post
    In Czech krivda means injustice (spelled křivda)
    And in Polish krzywda means harm, injury sometimes injustice.

  17. #1937
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by TriglavNationalPark View Post
    Bulgarian: беседа (beseda) = conversation
    Belarusian: бяседа (byaseda) = party
    Slovenian: beseda = word
    Czech & Slovak beseda = conversation
    [ɒkinɛk humorɒ vɒn, mindɛnˤtud, ɒkinɛk niŋʧ, mindɛnrɛ ke.pɛʃ]

  18. #1938
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by Encolpius View Post
    Czech & Slovak beseda = conversation
    In certain contexts, beseda can also mean "conversation" in Slovenian. For instance, the phrase "beseda je tekla o..." means "the conversation / talk was about..." However, most commonly, beseda means "word."

  19. #1939
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Slovenian: letni čas season
    Czech: letní čas summer time (what we'll have since March again)
    [ɒkinɛk humorɒ vɒn, mindɛnˤtud, ɒkinɛk niŋʧ, mindɛnrɛ ke.pɛʃ]

  20. #1940
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    Re: All Slavic languages: False friends

    Quote Originally Posted by Encolpius View Post
    Slovenian: letni čas season
    Czech: letní čas summer time (what we'll have since March again)
    Slovenian: poletni čas = summer time

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