As far as I know, an intransitive verb (فعل لازم)'s passive participle (اسم مفعول) must contain a حرف جر or a ظرف.
For example, "something disgusting" is مُشمأَزٌّ منه not just مشمأز. I'm trying to find the grammar rule that allows مشمأز منه to be an appositive adjective (تابع), such that it will take the إعراب of the متبوع and may carry the definite article. I know that it is frequently an appositive adjective but I can't help thinking that there needs to be a specific rule to allow this. It does not seem like the simple case of the اسم مفعول of a transitive verb because مشمأز , by itself, is not "disgusting".
I wasn't able to find such a rule on some of the grammar websites or in any of my grammar books. Is anyone familiar with a reference? Or is there nothing out of the ordinary in this اسم مفعول and الشيءُ المشمأَزُّ منه is no different than الشيءُ المكروهُ grammatically?