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Thread: cognation of trust true and tree

  1. #1
    Join Date
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    cognation of trust true and tree

    While I examined belief, love, liberty and leaves with books I've found one more interesting semantic bundle!
    trust
    Middle English truste ("trust, protection"), from Old Norse traust ("confidence, help, protection"), from Proto-Germanic *traust-, from Proto-Indo-European *drouzdo-, from Proto-Indo-European *deru- (“be firm, hard, solid”). Akin to Danish trøst, tröst ("trust"), Old Frisian trāst ("trust"), Dutch troost ("comfort, consolation"), Old High German trōst ("trust, fidelity"), German Trost ("comfort, consolation"), Gothic trausti ("alliance, pact"). More at true, tree.

    true

    From Middle English trewe, from Old English trīewe, (Mercian) trēowe ("trusty, faithful"), from Proto-Germanic *triwwiz (compare Dutch getrouw and trouw, German treu, Swedish trygg ("safe, secure’"), from pre-Germanic *dreu̯h₂i̯os, from Proto-Indo-European *druh₂, *dreu̯h₂ ‘steady, firm’ (compare Irish dearbh ("sure"), Old Prussian druwis ("faith"), Ancient Greek droós ("firm")), extension of *dóru ‘tree’. More at tree.
    For semantic development, compare Latin robustus ("tough") from robur ("red oak").

    tree
    From Middle English tree, tre, treo, treou, trew, trow, from Old English trēo, trēow ("tree, wood, timber, beam, log, stake, stick, grove, cross, rood"), from Proto-Germanic *trewan (“tree, wood”), from pre-Germanic *dréu̯om, thematic e-grade derivative of Proto-Indo-European *dóru (“tree”). Cognate with Scots tree ("wood, rod, stick"), North Frisian tre, trä ("tree"), Middle Dutch tree ("tree"), Danish træ ("tree"), Swedish trä ("wood"), träd ("tree"), Norwegian tre ("tree"), Icelandic tré ("tree"), Gothic (triu, "tree, wood, piece of wood"), Albanian dru ("tree, wood"), Welsh dâr ("oaks"), Ancient Greek δόρυ (dóry, "wood, spear"), Russian дерево (derevo), Tocharian A or. Related to tar, true.
    (From Wiktionary)

    Does it appear that tree relates and cognates to truth and to trust?!
    Tree as a firm, solid, safe, reliable thing!
    Or I've understood something wrong again?

  2. #2
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    Re: cognation of trust true and tree

    You might enjoy looking at this page:
    PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Feb 2013
    Location
    Russia
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    Re: cognation of trust true and tree

    Quote Originally Posted by CapnPrep View Post
    It's great!
    "здоровый"(zdorovyj, healthy) is also from dō̆ru-
    By the way "резина" has come from (Lat. resina, resin) - I didn't guess )
    Generally cool resource!
    Thank you very much!
    Last edited by Gale_; 8th March 2013 at 1:41 PM.

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