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الأسماء الخمسة: أبو - أخو...

Discussion in 'العربية (Arabic)' started by Benwithjamin, Jul 9, 2013.

  1. Benwithjamin

    Benwithjamin New Member

    English (UK)
    Ahlan everyone,

    I have been working through Mastering Arabic by Wightwick & Gafaar and I stumbled across something which wasn't really explained, but rather put as a "tip". Being interested in languages I wanted to know more!

    In the book it says to write 8 sentences about a family tree diagram. I understand the basics, such as X is Y's son/daughter/etc, but what I don't understand is something they have written in the answer section

    They say that when أب and أخ are put in front of another name, they become abū and akhū respectively. Why is this, and does it happen with any other words? Apologies if there is something about this already on here/somewhere on the net, I did a quick search and couldn't find anything.

    Edit: I should add that I mean, when you say, for example, Matt is Steve's dad, it would be Matt huwa abū Steve. (sorry, it takes me AGES to type in Arabic :p)

    Last edited: Jul 9, 2013
  2. AndyRoo Senior Member

    Hello Ben,

    There are five nouns like this in Arabic and they are: (أب -أخ -حم -فو- ذو)

    In an idaafa they all follow the same pattern e.g.
    father: أبو أحمد (nom.) أبا أحمد (acc.) أبي أحمد (genit.)
    brother: أخو أحمد (nom.) أخا أحمد (acc.) أخي أحمد (genit.)

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