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Acentos / Accent marks - keyboards

Discussion in 'Resources - Recursos' started by belén, Jun 29, 2010.

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  1. belén

    belén Ex-Moderator

    Spain
    Spanish, Spain, Catalan, Mallorca
    NEW:

    Clickable accented characters tool


    NUEVO:

    Opción disponible para incluir acentos






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    How to type Spanish accents and symbols in PC, Mac and GNU/Linux

    Á, á, É, é, Í, í, Ó, ó, Ú, ú, Ü, ü, Ñ, ñ, ¡ (exclamation mark), ¿ (question mark)




    PC


    There are two main options: using the international US keyboard or the ASCII codes.



    - INTERNATIONAL US KEYBOARD

    (Needs installation, see details in the links below)



    ' (apostrophe) + e/u/i/o/a → é/ú/í/ó/á

    " (quotation mark) + u → ü

    ~ (tilde) + n → ñ

    Right ALT key + / → ¿

    Right ALT key + 1 → ¡

    Right ALT key + 5 →


    For capital letters press SHIFT while hitting the letter you want to put the accent on.


    - How to install it and complete list of symbols:

    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;306560&sd=tech#2

    http://www.starr.net/is/type/kbh.html#change



    - ASCII CODES


    Alt + 0193 → Á

    Alt + 0201/144 → É

    Alt + 0205 → Í

    Alt + 0211 → Ó

    Alt + 0218 → Ú

    Alt + 0220/154 → Ü

    Alt + 0209/165 → Ñ

    Alt + 0225/ 160 → á

    Alt + 0233/130 → é

    Alt + 0237/161 → í

    Alt + 0243/162 → ó

    Alt + 0250/163 → ú

    Alt + 0252/129 → ü

    Alt + 0241/164 → ñ

    Alt + 0191/168 → ¿

    Alt + 0161/173 → ¡


    Alt + 0128 →

    Alt + 126 → ~



    Expanded list of Alt + Number combinations:
    Lista expandida de códigos Alt + Número:

    http://www.starr.net/is/type/altnum.htm

    http://www.lookuptables.com/


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    MacIntosh


    - Option key + e, and then “letter to be accented”

    Example: Option key + e, then “o” → ó/Ó

    - Option key + n, and then “n” → ñ/Ñ

    - Option key + u, and then “u” → ü/Ü

    - Option key + 1 → ¡

    - Option key + Shift + ? → ¿

    - Shift + Option key + 2 →


    Expanded accent codes and foreign symbols for Mac:
    Lista expandida de acentos y símbolos extranjeros para Mac:

    http://tlt.its.psu.edu/suggestions/international/accents/codemac.html


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    GNU/Linux


    Alt Gr + ; and then a/e/i/o/u → á/é/í/ó/ú

    Alt Gr + [ and then u → ü

    Alt Gr + ] and then “n” → ñ

    Alt Gr + Shift + 1 → ¡

    Alt Gr + Shift + - → ¿


    You can check what accent a key produces by pressing it twice.


    Expanded list of combinations:
    Lista expandida de combinaciones:

    http://wiki.linuxquestions.org/wiki/Accented_Characters


    Mozilla Firefox users

    Firefox users can also install the extension linked below which allows to enter characters for lots of languages through the contextual menu and/or keystroke combinations without installing any layout or memorizing ASCII codes.


    abcTajpu extension for Firefox:
    https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/459

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    Another useful link:

    http://dawn.thot.net/cd/3.html


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    Yet another method:

    Para poner acentos/tildes en español:
    To insert accented letters in Spanish:
    Pour accentuer les lettres en espagnol :
    http://spanish.typeit.org/


    Para poner acentos en francés:
    http://french.typeit.org/

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    Modus operandi: Teclado con acentos en español

    Según las instrucciones para MS Internet Explorer para Windows....
    Per the instructions for IE/Windows:

    To create text with accents in Spanish, use the CTRL key
    simultaneously with the letter.
    Example: for ñ, type Ctrl+n, for ú, Ctrl +u.

    Despite the site statements, this works perfectly well for Mac,
    and is, of course, much easier. Just click on the symbols.

    Para crear texto con los acentos en español--áéíñóúü¿¡-- debes usar la tecla Ctrl simultáneamente con la letra. Ejemplo: para ñ, toca Ctrl+N. Para ú,
    toca Ctrl+U, y para ü, Ctrl+U dos veces.

    No obstante, funciona perfectamente bien con Macintosh y naturalmente es mucho más fácil. Haz clic sobre los símbolos arriba.

    Mac OS X users may also select a Spanish keyboard if one is writing in Spanish. This can be done regardless of the main language of the operating system. A few of the characters will be different and so must be learned but the typing of accent marks is much easier.


    Directions:

    -Go to System Preferences and click International
    -Select Input Menu tab and turn on the Spanish or Spanish ISO keyboard
    -Select "Show input menu in menu bar" at the bottom

    (Note: Under "Input source options" the second option "Allow a different input source for each document" will result in the keyboard changing automatically if it detects either English or Spanish. If this is unwanted, choose the first option.)

    A new keyboard may now be selected in the menu bar (the flag icon at the top of the screen), or by pressing the keyboard shortcut (shown in the Menu Input tab). From the menu bar you may also choose "Show Keyboard Viewer" to learn where any new characters are.


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    Nueva información para usuarios de Windows:


    Parece que el método "Alt + XXX" sólo funciona en teclados que tienen el teclado numérico incorporado, y el número lo digitas en el teclado numérico. Como los portátiles no tienen teclado numérico, no resulta. Y tampoco resulta si le agregas un teclado numérico suplementario.

    Para que el método funcione en portátiles sin teclado numérico, las teclas que hay que mantener apretadas son la Alt y la tecla "función" Fn. En los dos portátiles a los que tengo acceso, esta tecla está entre la Ctrl y la Win, y su nombre aparece en azul. Y los números que hay que teclear son los del falso teclado numérico, cuyas denominaciones también están en azul y que, en el orden a partir del cero, están en las teclas M, J, K, L, U, I, O, 7, 8 y 9.

    Gentileza de Oldy Nuts.

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    Very interesting info from nice JohanG:


    I want to also make people aware of the instructions I put up about how to install the US international keyboard on XP, Vista and Windows 7. For a while I used the ALT sequences but finally discovered the US international keyboard approach. It makes such a huge difference. So for people who may still be using some other technique I would like to recommend this approach. When I installed on XP many years ago I found the instructions almost impossible to follow and then again more recently on Windows 7 it was a bit easier but still lots of room for improvement.

    So I have created screen shots for every step of the process making it far too big to post here. You can access the detailed instructions at this address:

    http://jaltembajalapeno.com/lang/en/...lish-keyboard/
     
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