Discussion in 'العربية (Arabic)' started by jmt356, Dec 5, 2012.
(They are Arabic)
(The Arabs are generous)
Are you translating from Arabic or from English?
The plural form of عربي is عرب and the plural form of كريم is كرام. Therefore the translation should be: هم عرب and العرب كرام.
I find this very hard to believe. I never knew of a noun that is made plural by removing the final ي. Are there other examples?
أعجمي = عجم
foreigners # a foreinger
Well it's correct. Some other nationalities do the same e.g. كردي/ الكرد , [Kurd/s]; فارسي/ الفرس [Persian/s].
غجري - غجر
تتاري - تتار
ألباني - ألبان أو أرناؤوطي - أرناؤوط
jmt356, there are many examples.
ترك / أتراك
حبشي / أحباش
Generous is كُرَماء because كرام is used more for the meaning of being of good nature, coming from a good family, having good manners and morals...etc. Both words have كريم as the singular form.
Good to know. Thanks.
I have to point out that what the OP was originally trying would not have worked even if the words he chose took sound plurals, as he did not have them in the nominative case. So, rather than saying الليبيِّينَ كبيرِينَ, one must say الليبيُّونَ كبيرُونَ or maybe الليبيون كِبَار.
I am confused by this post. I have never heard of a plural ending in "ون." I have always just heard e.g., "الاميركيين," "الليبيين," etc., even in the nominative (subject) form. Is adding "ون" only used in classical and MSA? I am somewhat confident that it is not used in the Syrian dialect. I have always heard, for example, "الليبيين كبار."
On another note, isn't the plural of كبير always كبار? I did not understand why in one of rzl62's posts, "كبيرين" was written.
Hmm I'm studying Modern Standard Arabic, so maybe that grammatical difference has disappeared in some dialects. Is anyone familiar with this? Also, where is the post with كبيرين? I can't find it. My grammar book says both plurals are acceptable.
I have looked up all of the examples given on this page of nouns supposedly made plural by dropping the final ي of the singular form, and have been able to confirm that only الباني fits a pattern where the plural is made by ONLY dropping the ي, as with عربي / عرب.
As for the other examples:
- كردي in the plural is الأكراد, not الكرد (at least according to my dictionary)
- تركي in the plural is أتراك, not ترك (at least according to my dictionary);
- أعجمي is made plural by removing both the أ and the ي;
- فارسي is made plural by removing both the ا and the ي;
- هندي is made plural by dropping the ي and adding a و;
- حبشي is made plural by adding an أ and removing the ي.
The following may be examples where the singular is made plural by dropping the final ي, but I cannot confirm as they are not in my dictionary:
- غجري) غجري is not in my dictionary, which lists غجر as both singular and plural).
Perhaps the distinction has been lost in some dialects. Can anyone confirm that these are correct translations from English of "They are French":
To MSA: هم فرنسيون.
To Syrian dialect: هم فرنسيين.
Most dialects replace ون with ين.
You should read the post by rzl62 carefully; كبيرون/كبيرين does not exist.
Your dictionary seems rather incomplete, and wrong since أحبش for example should be أحباش.
The words we gave you are examples; there are many other ethnicities which work like this - sometimes several plurals exist, sometimes several words exist for the same ethnicity.
Here are some more examples if you are still unconvinced:
أشكنازي-أشكناز، يهودي-يهود، طلياني-طليان، أسباني-أسبان، ألماني-ألمان، إنجليزي-إنجليز، روسي-روس، صربي-صرب، عفري-عفر
Yes, this is correct when مرفوع ('nominative'). When مجرور or منصوب it is فرنسيين.
يتكلم الفرنسيون اللغة الفرنسية
رأيتُ ثلاثة فرنسيين في الشارع
Actually, in this dialect it would be هنّ فرنساويين or هنّ فرنساويّة Sorry if that's extra confusing. The pronoun for they is different from MSA and looks more like the MSA feminine form, and the adjective is slightly different (though I wonder if فرنساوي is also acceptable standard Arabic?). There is no case distinction in colloquial like in standard Arabic, and so the equivalent of the sentences above:
الفرنساويين/الفرنساويّة بيحكو فرنساوي
شفت تلت فرنساويين بالشارع
In Egyptian I would probably use الفرنساوية
Thanks إسكندراني. Actually, now that you bring this up, this plural might be more common in Syrian too. I hope a native speaker can confirm that.
إسكندراني (Post 17):
Yes, you are right about احباش. My dictionary was not wrong; I forgot to add the ا. Nonetheless, this confirms that حبشي is not a word that is made plural by only removing the ي, as is the case for عربي, unless حبش is also a plural form of حبشي, but my dictionary does not recognize it.
As for the other examples cited by إسكندراني, I am now convinced that there are many nouns made plural by dropping the final ي, as in عربي / عرب.
Clevermizo (Post 18):
I actually believe “they” in the Syrian dialect is هِنِن (Hinin), not هنّ (hina).
Also, I have never heard of the form فرنساويّة in Syria. Is that a plural masculine / mixed or feminine? I frequently hear فرنساوي / فرنساويين in Syria.
Separate names with a comma.