I live in Spain and know a few Scandinavians who live here. Quite often Swedes will talk to Danes, Danes to Norwegians and so on. They all seem to get along fine understanding each other (although one Swede told me he always speaks in English when he goes to Copenhagen). I sometimes ask what language they are speaking. Sometimes they laugh and say "Scandinavian!" and other times that each is speaking in their own language. Sometimes they say that they speak their own language, but modify it a bit. Information is rather conflicting. Now I know that a designation of a way of speaking is as much political as anything and it is sometimes said that there is only "Scandinavian", but I am interested to know what the relationship is between the languages of Sweden, Norway and Denmark. If you look at a language tree you see that Swedish is classed with Danish as "East Scandinavian" whilst Norwegian is classed as "West Scandinavian". However, mention is often made of "classical Dano-Norwegian" - apparently the language that Ibsen wrote in. Further, when you read about Norwegian the terms Nynorsk, Bokmål, Riksmål and Landsmål come up. I have heard Norwegian described as "Danish spoken in Swedish" - suggesting that it has similar sounds to Swedish (and to me the two do indeed sound the same) but there must be some significant differences if one is classed as Western and the other as Eastern Scandinavian. Is there any significant diglossia in any parts of any Scandinavian country so that a spoken form in one country resembles the written form in another? It is all very confusing. Can anyone enlighten me?