Are there a countries or nationalities that have a different name in your language than in other languages? (not including countries like "United states" which are different in every language) What is their origin? In Hebrew, for example: France - צרפת Tsarfat. From the bible. Spain - ספרד Sfarad. Same Yemen - תימן Teiman. Same Egypt - מצריים Mitsrayim. Obviously from the bible. Greece - יון Yavan. Pretty similar to Arabic and Aramaic, but they pronounce it Yawan. Its origin is from the city Ionia. As far as nationalities go, one I can think of is Italian איטלקי Italki. Not sure what's the origin of the added k, but it doesn't exist in any other nationality in Hebrew.