Hello, I am trying to understand an article of a law enacted in the time of Constaninus I. si quis in ludum fuerit vel in metallum pro criminum deprehensorum qualitate damnatus, minime in eius facie scribatur (...) quo facies, quae ad similitudinem pulchritudinis caelestis est figurata, minime maculetur etc. (CTh.9.40.2). The article prohibits marks of damnation on the face even for gladiators and miners, the Roman underclass. The part I have difficulty with is (damnatus) pro criminum deprehensorum qualite. Does this mean that the person in question is punished after being sent to a gladiatorial school or a mine? or is he punished by being sent to these places? Besides that, I am also curious what way was common in making marks of damnation. Was the usual method tattoo, branding, or scars?