Discussion in 'Lingua Latina (Latin)' started by Epilio, Aug 4, 2013.
Just to confirm: are dextra, laeva and corpore locative ablative?.
Thanks in advance.
(ā) dextrā (parte) = on the right;
(ā) laevā (parte) = on the left;
(ā) sinistrā (parte) = on the left;
ad dextram, dextrorsum = to the right;
They are all indeed ablative, but to describe them as "locative" falls prey to the pedantic grammarian's need or desire to classify and categorise everything ("dative of disadvantage", "ablative of description", "objective genitive" &c.).
This is a splendid instance of the remarkable capacity of Latin to convey with epigrammatic economy a clear sense, without the need for anatomical dissection of the precise syntax:"With blade in the right hand, shield on the left, and renown in the physique" - however "accurate" as a translation - cannot convey the rhetorical force of this motto.
Or more precisely, as Scholiast's translation suggests, given the nature of the objects mentioned (sword and shield):[in] dextrā [manū]
[in] laevā [manū]
Separate names with a comma.