EHL Resources suggestions

Discussion in 'Etymology, History of languages and Linguistics (EHL)' started by Frank06, Jun 4, 2007.

  1. Frank06

    Frank06 Senior Member

    Nederlands / Dutch (Belgium)
    Hello posters,

    This thread accepts suggestions for resources. Contributions, upon approval, are to be listed in EHL Resources post in the Welcome thread of the EHL Forum.

    1. Any online etymological dictionary or database, or general dictionary with etymological explanations.
    2. Resources about
      (a) extinct or dead languages (e.g. Sumerian, ... )
      (b) older language phases (Pahlavi, Old English, Middle German, ...
      Dictionaries, reference grammars and (a selection of) representative texts.
    3. Specialty dictionaries
      e.g. etymology of names, place names, medical terms, etc.
    The stickies for (2) and (3) [and more] will be uploaded soon.

    Please make sure that your suggestions contain the following items:
    a. URL
    b. a short description of the web page: what information it presents, how the info is presented and so on.
    c. language(s) involved
    d. the main language used on the website

    Below is an example contribution:

    Use of this thread
    This thread is maintained only for suggestions. Please check our EHL resources collection before posting suggestions. To do so, click here. In case you find problems with existing links (such as broken links, commercial contents, redundant items etc.), kindly contact the EHL Forum moderator via PM (Personal Message).

    I hope we can all benefit from this asset and contribute to its development.


  2. jann

    jann co-mod'

    English - USA
    Anglo-Norman source texts, articles, and a dictionary [in English]
    Thank you to Blancheneige for pointing this site out!
  3. jann

    jann co-mod'

    English - USA
    History of their respective alphabets for lots of languages that do not use the Roman alphabet. Also information, fonts, and useful links. I will let you investigate the site and decide if it is useful to you. :)
  4. Flaminius

    Flaminius coclea mod

    capita Iaponiae
    日本語 / japāniski / יפנית
  5. cyberpedant

    cyberpedant Senior Member

    North Adams, MA
    English USA, Northeast, NYC
    Online Etymology Dictionary

    "This is a map of the wheel-ruts of modern English. Etymologies are not definitions; they're explanations of what our words meant and how they sounded 600 or 2,000 years ago."
  6. Frank06

    Frank06 Senior Member

    Nederlands / Dutch (Belgium)
    "WALS is a database of structural (phonological, grammatical, lexical) properties of languages gathered from descriptive materials (such as reference grammars) by a team of more than 40 authors "
  7. berndf Moderator

    German (Germany)
  8. Frank06

    Frank06 Senior Member

    Nederlands / Dutch (Belgium)
  9. sokol

    sokol Senior Member

    Vienna, Austria; raised in Upper Austria
    Austrian (as opposed to Australian)
    Indo-European Documentation Center, Texas: Goal of the site is to give an overview about all Indo-European languages and a precise description of the reconstructed Indo-European language; for now there's mainly the overview, the rest still under construction; seems to be serious and trustworthy.
    Indo-European Electronic Resources: Links to other sites; haven't taken a closer look at them yet.

    I've picked those links out of this list:
    There's still much more to be found there; I hope I'll find the time later to pick out the more useful ones.
  10. sokol

    sokol Senior Member

    Vienna, Austria; raised in Upper Austria
    Austrian (as opposed to Australian)
    Reconstruction of Proto-Semitic: The author himself says that he is not a qualified linguist and that he is doing this only for fun so what we see here on Proto-Semitic has to be handled with the utmost care; nevertheless - it is in English, and resources on Proto-Semitic are scarce.

    (Contributed by Arabus)
    Last edited: Nov 25, 2008
  11. goksuc New Member

    Short description:

    It may be hard to use but I suggest Sevan Nisanyan's etymology dictionary for roots in Turkish.
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 5, 2009
  12. sokol

    sokol Senior Member

    Vienna, Austria; raised in Upper Austria
    Austrian (as opposed to Australian)
  13. sokol

    sokol Senior Member

    Vienna, Austria; raised in Upper Austria
    Austrian (as opposed to Australian)
    Arabic (provided by origumi):

    Online Arabic Etymological Dictionary that contains nearly 7800 entries (in Latin transcription) with Semitic and other cognates. More than 1000 of the words have Hebrew equivalent.

    Indo-European and Semitic roots (provided by Flaminius):
    The American Heritage Dictionary of English, provides Indo-European and Semitic roots included with historical background on both language branches.
    The site's goal is etymological research for English words but it is also relevant for both Indo-European and Semitic in general.
  14. Frank06

    Frank06 Senior Member

    Nederlands / Dutch (Belgium)
  15. miguel89

    miguel89 Senior Member

    We can still access The American Heritage Dictionary of English that was formerly available at through The Wayback Machine.
  16. berndf Moderator

    German (Germany)
    To add:
    Ordbog over det Danske Sprog (ODS):
    The Danish dictionary; together with OED and Grimm probably the most important dictionary for the study of Germanic languages.
  17. sokol

    sokol Senior Member

    Vienna, Austria; raised in Upper Austria
    Austrian (as opposed to Australian)
  18. ThomasK Senior Member

    (near) Kortrijk, Belgium
    Belgium, Dutch
  19. sokol

    sokol Senior Member

    Vienna, Austria; raised in Upper Austria
    Austrian (as opposed to Australian)
    Note: moved ThomasK's post to resources suggestions, the site looks nice enough (will have a look at it later, a good resource I think).
  20. Maroseika Moderator

  21. Maroseika Moderator

    Историко-этимологический словарь осетинского языка
    Historical and etymological dictionary of Ossetian language of Vasiliy Abayev (in Russian):
  22. berndf Moderator

    German (Germany)
  23. Frank06

    Frank06 Senior Member

    Nederlands / Dutch (Belgium)
  24. miguel89

    miguel89 Senior Member

    A brand-new tool by Google which creates graphics that shows variation of word usage during a period of time that can be set:

    Books Ngram Viewer

    It is available for English, Chinese, German, French, Russian and Spanish.
  25. swift

    swift Senior Member

    Spanish – Costa Rica (Valle Central)
    George Douros' Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts.
    Free download:

    Unicode Cuneiform Fonts for Macintosh and Windows.
    True Type Fonts (ttf) created by Sylvie Vanséveren

    Free download:
    Last edited: Dec 31, 2011
  26. madc0w New Member

    English, French
    I found this site:

    It's based on, but the interface is slicker, and it allows you to browse the derivation more easily.
  27. miguel89

    miguel89 Senior Member

    Some tools from the RAE and the Fundación Rafael Lapesa. It includes:
    • A corpus
    • The old Historical Dictionary of Spanish (very small, just a- and some b-)
    • Access to some old editions of the dictionary (lematized)
    • RAE's files
  28. Dhira Simha Senior Member

    Russian The site has some draft sections of the Russian-Sanskrit Dictionary of Common and Cognate Words (entries in B, G, Ž, I, L, K are covered so far) and other useful information and links on the topic. The site is in English and partly Russian.
  29. rayloom Senior Member

    Paris, France
    Arabic (Hijazi Arabic)
    Unfortunately all the previously posted links have stopped working :(

    So regarding the Arabic etymological dictionary, it seems that it can be either found here (as a downloadable PDF), or here (as a readable PDF). I don't know though if the PDF version was authorized by the author Andras Rajiki, I would like to believe so since it was originally posted for free.
    (Mods feel free to remove the links if you think otherwise).

    Another online resource I'd like to add is the Arabic-Hebrew Lexicon:
    Which features a "lexicon of (nearly) 1,000 Arabic and Hebrew word-pairs of common origin, both cognates and borrowings".
    You can browse the word-pairs by clicking on any of the letters in the table on the left.

    A direct link to the Semitic directory in the Starling database (already mentioned in the online resources page):\data\semham\semet&first=1
    The search feature is a bit difficult to use (you have to be creative and try different things)
  30. miguel89

    miguel89 Senior Member

    I think this has been posted elsewhere, but to reach those sites that aren't available anymore, you can try to look for them in the Web Archive.
    Here is the Semitic roots page, for example.
  31. Parla Senior Member

    New York City
    English - US
  32. Holger2014 Senior Member

    Baltic languages - Magazine about the Baltic languages, both present-day (Latvian, Lithuanian) and extinct (as Prussian), etymology etc. Articles mainly in Lithuanian but also in Latvian, English and other languages. Comprehensive index. This is a direct link to the magazine's English homepage
    Last edited: Oct 22, 2014
  33. Holger2014 Senior Member

    Estonian: - Etymological dictionary (in Estonian only - but there is a link to an English-Estonian dictionary: click "nastike koondleht", then "inglise-eesti sõnastik")
    Last edited: Dec 27, 2014

Share This Page