China has a recorded history of about 6,000 years. In its long long history, it had invaded other countries or had many smaller countries as its tributary states. On the other hand, since 1840, China became a semi-feudal and semi-colonial country and China was to a large extent invaded. In the World War II, it was invaded by Japan. Nowadays, the political relationship between China and Japan is very bad. What is worse, many people in both countries loathe the other country. Here arise my questions (a lot ): Many countries have a history as invador or occupied territory (or both) of their neighbours. How has this coloured their subsequent relations? Do you think that they have successfully put their history behind them and looked forward? What actions are necessary, on a national and individual basis, for countries to put their past behind them and form a strong bond with each other? What are examples of countries which have done this successfully? How many years, or generations, does it take for countries to overcome their history? Do they need outside assistance to achieve this? What sort of assistance? To which point can this country be considered having "overcome this history", as an invador or an invadee? You can choose one specific question to answer, but please keep in mind that it's not an invitation to air old grievance. At last, I want to say "thank you" to Chaska, Emma and daoxunchang for providing me with excellent suggestions! Edit: I edited my post according to CrazyIvan's suggestion.Thank you! And I apologize if my previous words, clearly missending my intention as planned, offend anyone.