Hi, A difference between Indo-Iranian (II) and European branches of IE family can be found in the names of pantherae members (big cats). Understandably, there is almost no genuine words in European IE. While in II (Sanskrit/Persian) there are many: vyaaghra (tiger, babr), simha (sheer), prdaku (palang, leopard), cheetah (yuz). My question is what are the roots of these names? Can any of them be originated in Pre-Aryan languages? They are my guesses: vyaaghra : I read somewhere that Pali (~400BCE) said it was related to sense of smell. simha : all, power? Is it cognate with Persian sheer? prdaku? (and also dvipin) cheetah : citra(?) : diverse(?) yuz? In addition, there were lions in Greece until 1st CE. Did the Greek have any words for it except the non-IE leo-? What about Hittites, Phrygians? Thanks.