Only the other day there was mention of words having similarities. I think it started with the Arabic "banaa" (To build/He built) and the conversation moved onto Urdu/Hindi "banaanaa" (and somehow, I think to the fruit "banana"!). We know that the Arabic and Urdu/Hindi would be a pure coincidence. But there is the Arabic ardh (Earth), "kahf" (cave). Surely these can't all be coincidences. Back to the subject at hand. I wonder if forum members can up with some not so familiar words from the languages mentioned in the thread which are similar to the words in English. I am of course aware of the Indo-European link. Let me start with a few. Punjabi ( A number of Urdu-Hindi words are also Punjabi words) val/well Urdu/Hindi kona/corner ghaas/grass piilaa/pale (baat)chiit/chit-chat bulbulaa/bubble joR/joint ulluu/owl saNgiit/song madham/medium (?) kaaTnaa/cut (Arabic qat3) Hindi sant/saint Persian chaanah/chin muush/mouse I have left out some more obvious words.