Discussion in 'Spanish-English Grammar / Gramática Español-Inglés' started by PADISEBE, Jun 7, 2010.
I am not sure about the plural of research. Can you help me? Thank you!
This word ends in -ch . You have to remember the rule of words ending in -ch to form the plural.
-ch=ches (like churches)
You can look up here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_plural
No, I would argue "research" is uncountable because it doesn't sound right to say "Yesterday I did three researches." It would either be "Yesterday I did research" or "Yesterday I did three research assignments/cases/files" etc. The only time you would have "research" in plural is to refer to the person who does research or their job title. I.e. "We have three researchers." (Note the spelling- not "researches.")
It can be, but you can find plenty of pages if you look up "researches" at google.com
They refer to the job title or people who do research but I still maintain that you cannot say something like "I need to do five researchers" but instead "I need to do five pieces of research" or, depending on the context, "I need to do five research files." Note how the word "file" is made plural not research.
Sorry, Jack. It can be a countable noun in some cases or, at least, it's starting to be used that way:
(also researches [plural]) a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding scientific/medical research
a research student/assistant/laboratory
They are carrying out/conducting/doing some fascinating research into/on the language of dolphins.
His researches in the field of disease prevention produced unexpected results.
(Definition of research noun from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)
research (countable and uncountable; plural researches)
(uncountable) Diligent inquiry or examination to seek or revise facts, principles, theories, applications, et cetera; laborious or continued search after truth.
(countable) A particular instance or piece of research.
Languages are alive.. they keep changing. That's what's so fascinating about them.
This is an excellent example of the difference between what one finds in the dictionary and how one speaks. With respect to modern spoken English (at least in AmE), jack is absolutely right: we do not use the plural "researches". The fact that it's in the dictionary is secondary to modern usage.
I don't recall ever hearing "researches" used as a plural noun, and I've been around a while.
In modern usage, "researches" is wrong, I think.
The Oxford dictionaries describe "research" as a mass noun, then say "also researches". However, the OED records usage, unlike the DRAE, which prescribes usage. I agree with Jack and Spug that the plural noun is not much used and in BE at least it sounds ugly.
But "researches" does show its "count" face; for example, in contexts that suggest specificity (a research inspired by) or where the sense if "more than one" is strongly present (the researches conducted by our team; we conducted several researches into). Given that in science or academia is where one likely does "researches", I suspect such use is more likely to be found in that type of language.
Interesting. When I search "the research conducted by our team" in Google, I get 4 pages of results; when I search "the researches conducted by our team", I get "No results found for "the researches conducted by our team""
I know; "researches" shows up more readily when we add "several" (several researches), given that the plurality there is clearly established. If the team conducted more than one investigation, each separate and distinct from the others, "the research conducted by our team" does not represent the intended message. We'd have to use "researches" or, more likely I suppose, switch to "studies" or "investigations" (The studies conducted by our team).
Well, you can use the noun in the plural, but I would not! I do work for a major research company and we would not dream of using "researches" in this way, preferring "studies" or "investigations". I agree that it is not incorrect to do as you suggest – who am I to go against the OED?
Or search for "separate researches". "We conducted five separate researches into this."
Separate names with a comma.