In Urdu there are many Persian and Arabic words that end in the small h (ہ). There are also a number of "Indic" words that seem to end in the same letter (small h) and at other times I see their variant with an alif (aa) ending. Examples: TaaNkaa v. TaaNkah paTaaxaa v. paTaaxah In other cases it is almost always an "h" ending instead of an "aa" Examples: Thikaanah taaNgah baarah (12, other such numbers too) thaanah okaaRah (place name in Punjab) amriikah (America) Are such "h" ending because they are such when written in Nagari? or is small h ending just a convention to indicate an ending short-vowel 'a'? Or something else at work here. Curious to get forum members views.