1. L

    Avestan: Conjugation table of copular to be

    Hi All, I am doing a linguistic comparison of Indo European copular. Can anyone here provide a conjugation table of the Avestan verbs corresponding to the proto Indo European form *h1es- (Sanskrit asti) and *bʰuH- (Sanskrit bhavati). Thanks.
  2. PersoLatin

    Persian/Iranian equivalent for Latin prefix /de/ in deconstruct, depart

    What is the Persian/Iranian equivalent to the Latin prefix /de/ in deconstruct, depart, جدا/jodâ or سوا/savâ will work for deconstruct but is there a more generic one? e.g. reconstruction = bâzsâzi/‏بازسازی deconstruction = jodâsâzi/جداسازی This thread may belong to the EHL forum, if so, could...
  3. A

    Avestan: Etymology of tura

    Hello dear forum members! Does anyone have an idea about the etymology of the avestan demonym tura - "turanian", which designates aryan tribe(s) who were hostile toward the "zarathustrianized" aryans, and from which the personal name Np. Tur and the toponym Turān - "[land] of the Tur; Turan"...
  4. A

    Avestan: kauui

    Dear forum members, there is one avestan term, which still puzzles me after all these years: kauui (> mp. kay > np. kay/key) In the Gatha-hymns the Kauuis together with the Karapans and Usijs are condemned for their ethical and ritual behavior and are accused of destroying the existence of...
  5. A

    Avestan: sraoš

    Hello forum members! According to the "Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarisches" from Manfred Mayrhofer, the avestan verbal root sraoš- like the vedic cognate śroṣ- carries the meaning "to obey, to be obedient". It is also the root of the common noun sraoša - "obedience, discipline" and...
  6. A

    Avestan: Etymology of Ušiδam/Uši.darǝna

    Hello dear forum members! I just wanted to ask whether the part uši in both mountain names is really derived from ušah - "dawn" like some scholars propose? Thanks in advance!
  7. A

    Avestan: činuuatō.pərətu

    Hi members, according to Iranica the bridge Činuuatō pərətu (mp. Činwad-puhl) which leads the souls of the dead in the other world was believed to mean "the bridge of the seperator" but recently there was a Suggestion to translate it as "the bridge of the collector". I know the meaning of...
  8. A

    Avestan: Etymology of Airiiaman

    Hi dear member! Av. Airiiaman (Sanskr. Aryaman) is an old indoiranian deity of friendship, community and marriage and is often translated in this way. What interest me is the literal meaning of this theonym. I feel that the indoiranian ethonym Av. Airiia/Sanskr. Arya is maybe a part of this...
  9. A

    Avestan: Vīuuaŋᵛhant

    Hi! Vīuuaŋᵛhant is the name of the father of the mythical king-hero Yima who according to the Hom-Yasht was the first mortal to press the Haoma. He is etymologically and in terms of function and origin related to the vedic solar deity Vivasvant who is known as the father of Yama. The name...
  10. A

    Avestan: buiti

    Hi everyone! In the nineteenth chapter of the extant Vendidad it is told that Angra.Mainiiu sent the demon Buiti to kill Zarathushtra. Is the name Buiti the avestan precursor of Mp. but - "idol" (> Np. bot - "idol")? And did buiti already mean "idol" in the avestan language or did it later got...
  11. A

    Avestan: Etymology of ušah

    Hello Dear Forum members! Is the avestan term ušah - "dawn, aurora a compound of uš - to shine" and the noun suffix -ah? I found no clear etymology for this word in common dictionaries of the avestan language. Thanks in advance!
  12. PersoLatin

    PIE *spek - English scope, Avestan spasyeiti

    Is Avestan spasyeiti cognate with PIE *spek, and if yes, is there one in NP or MP?
  13. PersoLatin

    Avestan dictionaries

    I am looking for an Avestan to English or Persian dictionary (French or Germans will work too). It must use transliterated Latin for the Avestan words, is there such a book available? I have found some online resource (a scanned book) but I can’t use it as I can’t read the Avestan script. On...
  14. A

    Avestan: Gāθā

    Hello, In this page it is said that the word Gāθās is Avestan. Is it really Avestan? Or is it English? The ending -s seems English to me. Perhaps the Avestan word is Gāθā (plural) and Gāθa (singular).
  15. A

    Etymology of Avestan tūirīm

    Hello, According to this (old) dictionary, the Avestan Iranian word tūirīm means "fourth; uncle, nephew, male cousin." One scholar (E. Pirart) has picked the meaning "fourth" and used it to explain the ancient tribal name Tūir(i)ya (i.e., the Turanians, ancient Iranian tribe(s) of Central...
  16. A

    Iranian: apostrophe in Avestan transcription

    Hello, In this page there is an Avestan word transcribed this way X’iiaona [Hyaona]. In this page the same word is written in two ways, h'yaonya and Hvyaona. I am just confused. There are four different transcriptions of the same word. The manuals on the Avestan script say that there are two...
  17. A

    Persian: /h/ vs. /x/ in Avestan and Modern Persian

    Hello, According to this page (and other sources) the name Ḵosrow خسرو was written in the Avesta this way Haosrauuah (Haosrawah), and in Pahlavi texts this way Husrōy. I would like to know how this name came to be written with an initial /x/ خ in New Persian? This is not the only word that was...
  18. M

    Persian cognate of Avestan arashi

    Is there a Persian cognate for arashi "poet priest" Sanskrit rishi?
  19. T

    Avestan "bawra" = beaver or otter?

    Hi, In Avestan (Aban yasht 30:129) for describing Anahiti, it says she wore a garment made of bawra fur. This word appears in Menog-i-khrad (also as Pahl. water baprak) as a sacred animal killing of whom is a great sin. Originally meaning brown, Bawra is a root-cognate of beaver, as it is...
  20. W

    Avestan: ātar-

    Is it now the prevailing view that ātar- is derived from PIE *hxehxtr- 'fire' and cognate to Latin ater, or are the Iranian scholars Boyce and Malandra correct in assigning it an unknown and uniquely Iranian origin? Also, is it now the prevailing view that there is no connection between ātar-...
  21. P

    Classification of Avestan Language

    Greetings, Apparently they generally agree that Avestan is a Northeastern Iranian language. However I have read that some used to hold that Avestan might be a transitional or even a proto form bridging between Northeastern and Northwestern Iranian languages. I need to know based on what...
  22. D

    Avestan yare "year"

    The popular Etymological dictionary gives Avestan yare "year" as a cognate of Eng. year, Germ Jahr, Greek hora etc. This seems plausible, however, I could not find yare in any ofthe Avestan dictionaries I have at hand. I also could not find anything in Sanskrit which would be even remotely...
  23. P

    Avestan: "naxtar" ~ "night"

    Greetings, I recently noticed Avestan "upa-naxtar" ~ "adjoining the night". It appears to me that something such as "naxta*" (with a probable Old Iranian form of "nakta*") existed in Avestan for "night"-along with "xshapa". I wonder is "naxta*" (or something like it) attested in the Avestan...
  24. I

    Avestan: Year numbers in Avestan

    Hello, I'm trying to figure out how would one write a year (or a number like 1999) in Avestan language and writing system; I've found some language reference file which has lead me to some results (see attached image). Could anybody please let me know if this is the correct (or even remotely...