bengali (bangla)

  1. rehanelbengali

    Bengali: ঙ্/ং

    Can someone enlighten me on when should ঙ্ (as a conjunct with another letter) be used and when ং should be used for the “ng” sound in Bengali? I.e., when should we write nk, nkh, ngg, ngh, etc, as ংক, ংখ, ংগ and ংঘ, etc, respectively and when should we write them as ঙ্ক, ঙ্খ, ঙ্গ, ঙ্ঘ, etc...
  2. rehanelbengali

    Bengali: usage of plural suffix “-গণ”

    I come from a Bengali family, but I have always lived abroad. I have only been exposed to colloquial Bengali, until recently when I tried to start reading articles and I am unable to understand a lot of the formal things written in them. One of the things that came to my attention is the use of...
  3. rehanelbengali

    Bengali: Difference between জ/য, ত/ৎ, ঞ/ণ/ন, র/ড়/ঢ় and শ/ষ/স and usage rules

    Could anyone please enlighten me on the difference between জ/য, ত/ৎ, ঞ/ণ/ন, র/ড়/ঢ় and শ/ষ/স and which one should be used when?
  4. rehanelbengali

    Pronunciation of স

    The letter স is pronounced as both স (as in Sanskrit, which is the English S-sound) and শ. What are the rules to predict which pronunciation will be used for this letter?
  5. rehanelbengali

    Inherent vowel rules

    The symbol ্ (হসন্ত, hasanta) is used to silence the inherent vowel a (the aw-sound as in “awful”, which for some reason is romanised as “a” instead of the more logical “o”). However, this symbol is often neglected in Bengali writing, and many times, for consonant clusters, the consonants are...
  6. rehanelbengali

    Bengali treatment of English loanwords

    Is it correct to use the English plural -s in English loanwords when using them in Bengali speech? I have seen a few people do it, but I don’t normally see this done by most Bengali speakers. Just to give an example, কতগুলা গেইমস আছে আর তুই এই এক গেইম নিয়েই রয়েছিস!
  7. D

    Bengali: শ্রী

    Hello, শ্রী is transliterated as śrī, but is it usually pronounced “sri” or “shri” in Bengali? Thank you.
  8. I

    Bengali: Which of these two English translations is closer to the original poem?

    There is a Bengali children's poem by Sukumar Ray called "রামগরুড়ের ছানা", which you can read and listen to here: https:// www . youtube . com / watch?v=6wDBWQ3hYzg (remove the spaces). The poem has been rendered in English by two different writers under the titles "The Sons of Ramgaroo" (by...
  9. S

    Bengali: গ্রায়

    Saokat Osman's short story "দুই মুসাফির" (two travelers ) begins with the sentence "গ্রীষ্মের দুপুর গ্রায় শেষ". I cannot find the meaning of গ্রায় . I searched every online dictionnary but I can't find গ্রায় (or গ্রা ) anywhere. Is it a conjugated verb? (but it's not the place of a verb) I...
  10. pordiosero

    Bingali, Hindi, Sanskrit: Sala Grama

    Hi. Hello. What do the words "SALA GRAMA" mean? I have read it in the "Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna" and I do not know what it means. Searching on YouTube "SALA GRAMA IN TELUGU" videos of a few small black stones appear but I do not understand what they say. Can someone explain the meaning...
  11. yodelibada

    Help with African countries in Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali, Nepali, Tamil, Pastho, Farsi and Sorani

    Hi everyone, I am starting a reseach project where I need a database of African countries in various languages, with alternative spellings and case variants. Basically, I need to be able to identify country names in texts in those languages, in all different grammatical circumstances. I also...
  12. L

    Bengali: English transcription of Bengali word –> how to determine the original form in Bengali script?

    Hi, I have some words in English (it's just a transcription of Bengali words) and I'm wondering how I should determine what they look like in Bengali script. I have some knowledge of Bengali but not that great that I could easily guess the correct form of the original word in Bengali script. I...
  13. K

    Bengali: to find out

    For example how would you translate the sentence: "Did you find out where he is from?" Or "I found out yesterday that he's from Bangladesh" I know in Hindi/Urdu this would be translated as "Tumne Kya pata lagaya woh Kahan se Hai?" And "Mujhe Kal para Chala ke woh Bangladesh se Hai" If that...
  14. swatshak

    Bengali: Negation

    Hey everyone, In the related Hindi/Urdu language, negation is a rather simple affair - the word नहीं typically does the job. For the purposes of this thread, consider the following sentences: 1) I am not married. 2) There are no books 3) Don't you know? In Hindi then, their translations would...
  15. swatshak

    Bengali: Pronunciation of য়

    The letter য় is typically described as a semi-vowel that takes the yô (/e̯ɔ/) sound, according to Wikipedia. But in Hanne-Ruth Thompson's "Beginner's Bengali", the author states that য় may be pronounced as y (as in layer), w as in (away), or at the end of syllables as e. I can't seem to find...
  16. L'irlandais

    Bengali : Banglatown

    Hello, My attempt with online translation বাংলা টাউন How can this be written correctly in either Sadhubhaṣa (সাধুভাষা - "elegant language") or in Chôlitôbhasha (চলিতভাষা "current language")? Any tips on its pronunciation welcome too. Background: There are well over a quarter of a million...
  17. S

    Bengali: if বলানো 'to make speak' can be used as a reflexive

    Hi everyone, In Middle Bangla বলানো (balaano) can be used both as a transitive verb with causative meaning ('to make speak', 'to make tell') and as a reflexive ('to be called'). I was wondering if it can still be used as a reflexive in modern Bangla. Haven't found any examples yet so I hope for...
  18. E

    Bengali: etymology of the city name বরিশাল (Barishal)

    Hello, Could anyone please explain me the meaning of the city name বরিশাল (Barishal)? I think শাল might have the meaning of "hall" or "house" like śālā in Sanskrit, but for বরি, I have looked up dictionaries online but can't find what it means nor which language it comes from. Thank you in...
  19. marrish

    All Indo-Iranian Languages: aspirated consonants mʱ nʱ lʱ [*rʱ *yʱ *ʋʱ *ɳʱ]?

    In the phonetic inventories of most of Indo-Aryan languages (like Urdu, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali etc.) there is a class of aspirated, "breathy" consonants. An apt example of these aspirated consonants is from Devanagari script for Sanskrit: ख /kʱ/ घ /gʱ/ छ /t͡ʃʱ/ झ /d͡ʒʱ/ थ /t̪ʱ/ ध /d̪ʱ/ ठ...
  20. Psi-Lord

    Hindi & Bengali: transliteration of foreign names into their scripts

    Straightforward question – would the five proper names transcribed below be acceptable to native speakers of Hindi and Bengali? HI: नेउज़ा, मार्सेल, लेतिसिया, मिगेल, दानियेल / दानिएल. BN: নেউজা, মার্সেল, লেতিসিয়া, মিগেল, দানিয়েল / দানিএল. If not, why? Reasoning behind it: Are there rules of...
  21. aevynn

    Sanskrit, Bengali: tadā nāśaṁsē maraṇāya sañjaya

    Hello! I was reading Tagore's Gora, in a Hindi translation by Devraj. Not too far in, there's a line where the eponymous Gora mentions the hands of Binoy's love interest, Binoy finds the conversation is headed in an uncomfortable direction and tries to redirect the conversation, and then Gora...
  22. aevynn

    Bengali: দেখা হয় নাই চক্ষু মেলিয়া, ঘর হতে শুধু দুই পা ফেলিয়া

    Hello, friends! Here's a (supposedly famous?) little poem that Rabindranath Tagore wrote for Satyajit Ray in an autograph book when the latter was a child. বহু দিন ধ'রে বহু ক্রোশ দূরে বহু ব্যয় করি বহু দেশ ঘুরে দেখিতে গিয়েছি পর্বতমালা, দেখিতে গিয়েছি সিন্ধু। দেখা হয় নাই চক্ষু মেলিয়া ঘর হতে শুধু...
  23. Andrew1980

    Bengali: DBCHC (in Diploma of Bangladesh)

    Hi, I have searched all over the net, however failed to find the meaning of the acronym DBCHC # DBCHC higher certificate examination bangladesh - Google Search: cna this be Dhaka Board Center of Higher Certification? I need this to translate into Russian to certify for one of the students...
  24. S

    Bengali: karNadAtA (কর্ণদাতা)

    Hi everyone, The word কর্ণদাতা appears in Rupram's "Dharmamangala" several times in phrases like "কলিযুগে তুমি কর্ণদাতা" 'You are the karnadata of the dark age', "কলিযুগে নতুবা বলাব কর্ণদাতা" 'I will once again be called the karnadata of the dark age'. It doesn't seem to be the name of a...
  25. S

    Bengali, Sylheti: teu (তেউ)

    Hi everyone, I am translating a phrase from the New Testament in Sylheti (the resurrection of Lazarus): তেউ মানসে কয়বরর মুখর পাথরটা হরাইলা teu manose koyboror mukhor pathorTa horaila Could "teu" mean something like "and" or "then" ("And then the people removed the stone from the entrance of...
  26. C

    Bengali: ফণী

    Hello, ফণী is a cyclone name in the Indian Ocean. I looked up an online Bengali dictionary and it said that ফণী means 'snake'. I'd like to know if it's true. I searched the word for the pictures on Google and no snake pictures but people pictures appeared.
  27. D

    Bengali: Name Abbreviation Mahd. Allum.

    Hello Everybody: I am doing some research about fisherfolk/mariners in India during the time of the Raj. I came across a chap whose name has been written (in a UK-based source, about the time of the Great War) as "Dewan Mahd. Allum." My questions: 1. Is "Mahd." an abbreviation for...
  28. P

    Bengali: गाहे

    Hello,everyone.In the national anthem of India there is गाहे तव जय गाथा जन गण मंगल दायक जय हे I wonder what the word गाहे means here. Thank you in advance.
  29. Hemza

    Bengali: Howrah হাওড়া

    Hello everyone, What does Howrah/হাওড়া means? I guess it's Bengali but I'm not sure. It's the name of a train station in Kolkata. Thank you
  30. Rani_Author

    Hindi-Urdu-Bengali: The changes of structure in a poem

    A few days ago, I wrote a simple poem in Bengali. Bangladeshis appreciated so much the poem. They could understand the changes of structure in a poem I made. Example this simple sentence in Bengali: Ami prem a porcilam. We could change it become: Prem a porcilam, ami. Then, porcilam, prem a...
  31. I

    Hindi/Bengali: Jayashree

    What does Jayashree mean? Is it Hindi or Bengali? Is it the name of a goddess? And what does the name mean?
  32. SagirAhmed

    Bangla-Assamese script

    The Assamese-Bengali script came from Kamrupi script(also know as Ancient Assamese script) of Kamarupa kingdom (modern Assam). Which script was used by Bengali people at that time ? And why Assamese and Bengali people pronounce same characters differently?
  33. W

    Bengali, Bihari, Assamese, Oriya: babu

    I've noticed some around here use babu (baabuu?) as a term of respect. To confirm, is this eastern (Bengali, Bihari, Assamese, Oriya) usage? Is the meaning father also prevalent in eastern areas? Thank you
  34. D

    Bengali: সকল খেলায় করবে খেলা এই আমি

    অন্যতম জনপ্রিয় রবীন্দ্রসঙ্গীত "যখন পড়বে না মোর পায়ের চিহ্ন এই বাটে"-র চতুর্থ স্তবকের শুরুর চার পংক্তি এই রকম: "তখন কে বলে গো সেই প্রভাতে নেই আমি। সকল খেলায় করবে খেলা এই আমি-- আহা, নতুন নামে ডাকবে মোরে, বাঁধবে নতুন বাহু-ডোরে, আসব যাব চিরদিনের সেই আমি।" TagoreWeb এখানে কবি একদিকে বলছেন...
  35. L

    Bengali: হিন্দু or হিন্দূ

    Hi all. First of all, I do not wish to offend anyone's religious sensitivities (this being a controversial topic at best) by specifically using this religious word. This is simply an example to demonstrate something that I came across. Hope you all understand this. Thanks. :) In Sanskrit, the...
  36. L

    Bengali: Pronunciation of dirgho "I" and dirgho "U"

    Hi. I have started learning Bengali. I have the script memorised and can write reasonably well for my level. I can also read some very basic texts. I have some doubts regarding the pronunciation of dirgho I (ঈ) as well as dirgho U (ঊ). All the resources that I have used to learn this language...
  37. P

    Bengali: যে, সে নাকি

    Can someone help me parse the following sentence, from Kumar Prasad Mukherjee's book "Kudrat Rangi Birangi"? I am confused by the overall meaning and in particular by the words "যে, সে নাকি" here. Is যে being used as a relative pronoun referring to the সাহিত্যিক? পঞ্চাশের দশকে আমাদের কফি...
  38. T

    Bengali: Modeer

    There a lot of rumors broadcasts that the word modeer which is in Arabic مدير means manager and used in colloquial dialect to mean something similar to boss. The ruomrs claims that modeer in Bengali means donkey. I know that donkey in Bengali is just like in Hindi and Urdu Gadha. I found...
  39. HZKhan

    Bengali: যেন

    "আমাদের ঈশ্বর ও পিতার ইচ্ছামত খ্রীষ্ট আমাদের পাপের জন্য নিজের জীবন দিয়েছিলেন, যেন তিনি এখনকার এই মন্দ জগতের হাত থেকে আমাদের রক্ষা করতে পারেন।" Is Bengali's যেন eqvuivalent to Hindi's ताकि?
  40. HZKhan

    Bengali: করিয়া থাকিলাম vs. করিতে থাকিলাম

    গত রাত্রি আমি শয়ন করিয়া থাকিলাম। গত রাত্রি আমি শয়ন করিতে থাকিলাম। What is the semantic difference between these two sentences? If possible, please also tell how they both would be translated into Hindi.
  41. HZKhan

    Bengali: ফুরিয়ে আসছে

    "পাকিস্তানের প্রধানমন্ত্রী নওয়াজ শরীফ বলেছেন, সন্ত্রাসীদের দিন ফুরিয়ে আসছে এবং তাদেরকে কঠিন হাতে দমন করা হবে।" कृपया बताइये कि उपर्युक्त लाल-वर्णी बंगाली शब्दों का हिंदी में क्या अनुवाद होगा? इस के अतिरिक्त, यदी हो सके तो इन शब्दों का व्याकरणिक विश्लेषण भी कर दीजिये ताकि भविष्य में इस जैसे किसी...
  42. S

    Bengali: শ্যামল মাটির বনছায়

    Hi guys! Had a Bengali question here. It's pretty basic but I had difficulty finding a definition for it anywhere. It's from a song that I'm guessing most Bengalis have probably heard, jare uRe jare pakhi. The line specifically is: আকাশে আকাশ ফিরে, যা ফিরে আপন নীড়ে, শ্যামল মাটির বনছায় akashe...
  43. Md. Saiful Alam

    Bangla: A projection in the middle of each side from the top of the central hill

    Dear Sirs and Madams, "He discovered the ruins of a square tower of 22 feet side with a projection in the middle of each side from the top of the central hill." I collected the line from 'English for Today' a book for class ten in Bangladesh but it is very hard for me to get the Bangla meaning...
  44. M

    Bengali: water

    Is there a common, everyday word for water used by all Bengalis? The author of this Bengali dictionary says "pani" is mainly used by the Muslim community. Is that true? It's surprising if there really is a difference for such a basic word.
  45. S

    Bengali: কক

    Good evening everyone, Does anybody know what কক (followed by a number) could mean in an official document? It looks like কক [number] []DOCUMENT TITLE] Looks like it could be easily replaced with 'No.'. Do you have any suggestions? Thank you!
  46. J

    Bengali: এই যে

    এই যে I am pronouncing it [eɪ̯ ʤℯ]. Please confirm or refute if I have the correct pronunciation (to the best of your ability, I realize you are looking at the IPA and not actually listening to the pronunciation of the phrase). What is the literal meaning এই যে ? (what does it mean...
  47. S

    Bengali: চালান as a noun

    Good evening, One more question about Bengali. What could চালান mean if used as a noun? Example: চালান বই নম্বর, ইস্যুকৃত চালান. Looks like it's some document but I don't understand which exactly. Thank you.
  48. S

    Bengali: আদর্শ কর তফসিল

    Good morning to everyone. I am translating a document where a license number 'according to the আদর্শ কর তফসিল" is mentioned a few times. তফসিল is also spelled as তফশীল and তফসীল, but I guess it doesn't change the meaning. I guess the meaning could be 'the number in the model cadastre" or...
  49. Y

    Bengali: কিমেরিয়া

    Hi everyone, Im not Bengali nor Indian but I appreciate the written script of Bengali. I would really appreciate if someone could translate the word "কিমেরিয়া" for me if at all possible. Thanks
  50. I

    Bengali - little marks above and below letters when typing

    When I type in Bengali certain keyboard automatically add marks above and below the letters. The book I am using to study Bengali does not seem to mention them. Can anyone tell me what they are and whether I should be including them in words or not? And if not, how to type without them (I am on...