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  1. J


  2. P

    Czech: Are all gradable adverbs derived from adjectival stems?

    Hello Everyone! I shortened the question for the sake of brevity, but in order to avoid ambiguity, I will try to clarify: My question pertains to morphological gradation, that is, deriving comparative and superlative forms by means of affixes such as -eji/-ěji and nej-, not analytically, by...
  3. K

    Difference between -su ending verb and causative

    For example, causative of 言う (言わせる) and 言わす ? Do they not mean the same thing?
  4. N

    -i adjectives: formal negative conjugation

    Minasan konnichiwa. There are two formal negative conjugations: よくありません・よくありませんでした よくないです・よくなかったです Do they differ in formality or are they interchangeable? Arigatō gozaimasu
  5. kaven-ever


    こんにちは、皆さん。 「罰せられる」から引き出した質問です。疑惑に思う箇所は二つがあります。 1:過ちを犯したら、罰せられるべきだ。 罰せられるは受身形ですか、それとも使役+受身の混合形ですか? 2:罰するはサ変動詞で、教科書により受身形と受身+使役の混合形はそれぞれ罰されると罰させられるであるはずです、これについて、yahooで答えを探してみました、そして、この文章を見つけました。 yahoo知恵袋:「罰する」の受動態はなぜ「罰せられる」になるのですか?「罰される」とは言いませんよね。...
  6. D

    Special suru verbs

    Can anyone tell me what the correct negative, potential, passive, volitional, imperative and causative forms of the following 10 special suru verbs are? 愛する 恋する 訳する 欲する 察する 有する 要する 保する 損する 適する Using various online verb conjugation tools (wiktionary, WWWJDIC, verbix, ...) gives me mixed...
  7. T

    Verb forms

    May I ask how you learn them? Is it just as you go along naturally so to speak?
  8. lammn


    Hi All, What is the meaning of ~かれ when it comes after the stem of an i-adjective? Examples are: Can this ~かれbe applied to other i-adjectives as well? Thanks for any help!
  9. Wilma_Sweden

    Morphology: driving as a noun

    I need to analyse the noun driving license from a morphological point of view. The problem that arises is how driving is converted from the verb: to drive into a noun: driving? 1) It could be argued that the noun was formed directly from the present participle of the verb; i.e. driving, with...
  10. J

    verbs with (eru/aru) take objects

    Is it true for all verbs that those that have the same kanji but are transitive take eru, whereas those that take aru are intransitive? Also, are all eru verbs that are ending changing ichidan verbs?
  11. T


    Hello. I see the following phrase: 食べます. I understand it reads たべます. If 食 means "to eat," then what is the role or meaning of べ ? Thank you!
  12. 2PieRad

    Stringing adjectives together

    Soooooooooo, not wanting to be chastised for overloading a thread with multiple topics, taken from here, we have: In order to connect long trains of adjectives, am I right to say that て goes after a く form of an い adjective, and で goes after a な adjective? Thanks
  13. G

    Making Tai Forms

    Hi, I would like to ask how do you form the tai form? Is it by dropping the masu from yomimasu and add tai and is it the same case for irregular verbs? Thank you