1. Concise

    Slovak: positioning “rád/rada/etc.”

    Hi, for me it is more or less clear by now where to put “sa/si” in a sentence , and also that “že” or “aj” do not count when we define the word order, but a personal pronoum as the subject or a word like “aký” count. If there is no “sa/si”, just a ‘naked’ verb like “je”, “má”, “učí”, it is...
  2. Encolpius

    Slovak: čo to za novina

    Zdravím, hádam, poznáte pesničku: Ešte som sa neoženil...Je tam veta: "Opýtame sa mlynára, čo to za novina", nemalo by to byť "za novinu". Voľáky som z toho zmätený. 😂 Ďakujem. Enco.
  3. Concise

    Slovak: (na)ozaj <?= (na)o|zai[ste] pod|u|jat[’]|ie <?= jať

    The more Slovak words I face the more requently I have a feeling that there may be some relationship between them. Until now I have not found a good source to check my etymological intuitions, so I listed two of them in the subject. A) So is it a correct intuition that the letter “j” is the...
  4. Concise

    Slovak: “to make it move” with (po)hýbať, (po)hnúť, pohybovať, pohýnať

    1. Apart from that 3 of them are perfective verbs, 3 of them are imperfective, can I say that their basic meanings are the very same, and it is “to make it move”? 2. Hnúť and hýbať seem to be a pair, as are pohnúť and pohýnať, but pohýbať and pohybovať are not linked to each other by the dics...
  5. Concise

    Slovak: Agreement between subjects and predicate & a similarity of the number of nouns

    Examples I found: 1. Kde parkuje autobus a taxíky? 2. … ale radšej živé ako umelú reč. (NB: so more than one living languague) Is my interpretation is correct if I say that in Slovak one has to always agree 1. the grammatical number and person of the predicate with the closest subject if...
  6. A

    Slovak: puklina, prasklina,thrlina

    hi, reading many Slovak dictionaries I couldn't find an explanation to what prasklina and puklina ( pozdĺžna medzera vzniknutá puknutím, prasklina, trhlina) trhlina (voľný priestor vzniknutý roztrhnutím, rozdvojením niečoho) they both translated the English 'crack' which also means 'vzniknutý...
  7. A

    Slovak: being of sound mind

    Hi, Please advise, what is the meaning of "being of sound mind" in Slovak? Will / Závet I the undersigned xx being of sound mind and healthy in mind and body, of my own free will, without duress and coercion, after careful consideration, do hereby direct regarding all my property which I have...
  8. Concise

    Slovak: Ovláda ešte ďalších sto rečí.

    I read the sentence which is in the title. A) “Ovláda ešte ďalších sto rečí.” And it made me confused, I am not sure whether it is correct. I think that “ovládať and its verbal forms require accusative. So “sto” is the object, which should be in accusative form. Which is “sto” also. Hence eg...
  9. Concise

    Slovak: priority of grammatical cases? If so, then N<A<G<L?

    1st case - nominative (N) 2nd case - genitive (G) 3rd case - dative (D) 4th case - accusative (A) 6th case - locative (L) 7th case - instrumental (I) So, these are the cases in Slovak and they are numbered. I always wondered whether the numbers meant anything more than an arbitrary order. And...
  10. Concise

    Slovak: pästiarstiev

    Since I am an autodidact learner it was not so easy to figure out when exactly we use the different forms in plural genitive of masculine and neuter nouns. The easisest rule seems to be that if there is a long vowel (or a sort of diphtong) in the penultimate syllable of the noun like in case...
  11. Concise

    Slovak: adjectives in dativ, “vedzím”

    In a table of my course book I found a word “vedzím” together with “dobrým” as examples of adjectives in dativ plural. I found no word like “vedzí" or “uvedzí” etc., the closest word I know is “medzi” which has no forms since it is not an adjective, but a preposition. “Cudzí” is a bit far bet...
  12. A

    Slovak: poslanec miestneho zastupiteľstva

    Hi, Please advise, what is the correct name of the position for a person elected by citizens of a city district (poslanec miestneho zastupiteľstva) (e.g. the Bratislava District II - Ruzinov; Bratislava has 5 city districts). The hierchy of competence is as follows - Regional - Town/City -...
  13. Concise

    Slovak: maškrtok

    Is this word one used earlier, but now extinct? Dictionaries show maškrtka as a living word, but not maškrtok. I found maškrtok in my course book as part of a sort of child-rhymes. Apart from that there are really rather few hits, some recipes of jarkin maškrtok and 2-3 more. (maškrtok -...
  14. Concise

    Slovak: Poludnie =/= obed, but predpoludním = doobeda ?

    In my mother language we also use different words for “obed” (eating) and “poludnie“ (time/timespan of a day). But when we speak about the morning hours until 12:00, normallywe use only one word to describe it. We use the other only if we focus on the time ending at the moment of eating, which...
  15. Concise

    Slovak: pohár, liter, sveter <=> teplomer, večer

    When I started to learn Slovak I understood that the letter “r” is regarded as a hard consonant, but with a dual aspect (?) , so similarly to b, p, m, v, f, z and s, one can write both “i” and “y” after an “r”. On the other hand when I met “pohár” as the first masculine noun ending with “r” I...
  16. Concise

    Slovak: raz, krát, násobný

    Yes, I am still in the amazing world of numerals. Similarly to my mother language, Hungarian, Slovak has the same sort of charm that there are not just many types of numerals, which can be expressed in many languages, but in Slovak there are different forms to express the same meaning. But do...
  17. Concise

    Slovak: “Gender” of sto and tisíc

    It seems to me that while the dictionaries do not say that these numerals have a gender, but since the plural of ‘sto’ is not just ‘sto’, but also ‘stá’, it can be regarded as a neutral/neuter noun, too. And indeed 200 is ‘dvesto’, so it is not contradictory to it, because ‘dve’ is used for...
  18. Concise

    Slovak: why perfective verbs are grouped as “k 1” and “k 2”

    If you check this link Slovenské slovníky you can see that while the dictionary “Slovník súčasného slovenského jazyka A – G, H – L, M – N z r. 2006, 2011, 2015.” lists naliať as the perfective pair of liať, “Slovník slovenského jazyka z r. 1959 – 1968*.” lists vyliať, uliať and odliať...
  19. Concise

    Slovak: rad alebo riadok

    I hope this time I will be closer to their distinctive definition. Rad mainly means line, order. And there are other meanings like “a bunch of something.” Riadok is used for a line in a book, newspaper, or a digital line like in case of TV or computer/phone displays. Is it OK? My only...
  20. Concise

    Slovak: umývať alebo prať

    Checking these two verbs in the best Slovak online dictionaries my best bet is that they are interchangeable apart from the meaning when someone washes his/her or an other person’s body (or part of it), because the latter can be expressed only with umývať (umyť). But things like riady, bielizeň...
  21. N

    Slovak: perfective aspect as used for a general fact

    Hi all, The Czech language can use perfective verbs for a general fact and in the sense of "each time in such circumstances", unlike East Slavic languages where the perfective is rather limited to the image of a single event. I'd like to know, how close the Slovak language is to Czech in this...
  22. Concise

    Slovak: napršať alebo opršať

    After recording that these two verbs are the perfective form of “pršať”, I tried to distinct their exact meaning, but I could not grasp the difference. Is it correct that “napršať” implies a sort of less amount of rain dripped on sy compared to “opršať” (poured on)? If not how can one...
  23. Concise

    Slovak: Múčnik vs. zákusok

    After being confused by Slovak-Hungarian dictionaries I have checked the Slovak online ones. I understood that “múčnik” is something, which can be “zákusok” (“jemné sladké pečivo obyčajne plnené alebo zdobené, dezert”), but not always, because everything prepared “z múky” can be “múčnik”. Some...
  24. Concise

    Slovak: brďo, koky, točí ma telka

    Hello, 1. Brďo this word is practically missing from all the dictionaries I have ever used, see Slovenské slovníky but google translate said it to mean brother. And indeed it sounds like that moreover the Hungarian “bratyó” meaning like bro’ is also pretty close to “brďo”. On the other hand...
  25. Concise

    Slovak: vystúpiť

    For me the meaning of the word “nastúpiť” is clear. The word “vystúpiť” seems to clear, too, the main meaning is to get out (of) or get off, but it can mean also to climb. My printed Slovak-Hungarian dictionary says it can also mean “nastúpiť”, and the example is “vystúpiť na vlak”. It is more...
  26. Concise

    Slovak: prísť <=> prichádzať/prichodiť // ísť <=> ísť?

    Hello, this time I just need a sort of confirmation. 1. Is it correct that while prísť has its own imperfect form(s), ísť can be used both as perfect and imperfect verb? 2. Or only chodiť can be used as the imperfect form of ísť? If 1 is true then how can one grasp any difference between ísť...
  27. G

    Slovak: potrebné na 2.krát po 10 mm

    An excerpt from user instructions for a machining device: What this seems to be saying is that, when programming the device (for the process in question), you have to allow an extra 20 mm of length, in order to account for a portion that is cut off at the end of the process. But I don't fully...
  28. G

    Slovak: v nadväznosti na proces

    One of the criteria from a training checklist: "Quality [...] - Has been familiarized with the quality requirements [??]" I'm not sure what "proces" refers to here – possibly the industrial process of the plant that these instructions pertain to. Partly because of this uncertainty, I'm also...
  29. Encolpius

    Slovak: half an Aspirin

    Dobré ráno, ako sa povie po slovensky: 1/ Vzala som si polovicu Aspirinu. 2/ Vzala som si pol Aspirinu 3/ ináč? Ďakujem. Enco.
  30. W

    Slovak: moja zlatá dzetsko / moya zlatá baba

    Hi all, One side of my family is Slovak, and my grandma always says 'moja zlata dzetsko' which she says means 'my sweet child'. She is sick and I'd like to write it for her in a card but to change it to 'my sweet grandma' or 'our sweet grandma' (for me and my sibling). She told my once it was...
  31. Concise

    Slovak: cieľ cieľom

    There is a fable in my coursebook, “korytnačka a zajac”. An excerpt: “ …ale keď videl, ako ďaleko zostala korytnačka, nechal cieľ cieľom, natiahol sa do trávy a zaspal” Cieľ = finish (line) cieľom = (in order) to, with the purpose of So my machine-like translation of the 2nd part is like “…...
  32. Encolpius

    Pronunciation of de, te, ne, le in modern Slovak

    Dobré ráno, narazil som na tento článok. Zaujala ma veta: "už tu mnohí učitelia slovenčiny nevyslovujú mäkké de, te, ne, le...". Je to opravdu pravda, že napr. dnes sa vyslovuje [dnes] a nie [dněs]??? Ďakujem. Enco.
  33. Concise

    Slovak: kto pronounced as gdo

    First I heard “gdo” in a Hungarian village by a local who spoke Slovak. I thought it was just a rare dialectic form of “kto”. But since then I was hearing it a lot of times and start to feel that it is a general phenomenon. As a sideinfo I know that in Slovak there is the assimilation rule of...
  34. Encolpius

    Slovak: teplá = teplé počasie

    Zdravím, napadlo ma slovo "teplá" ako synonymum pre horúčavu. V krátkom Slovníku slovenského jazyka som nič nenašiel, ale vo veľkom áno, čiže asi výraz "teplá" zrejme existuje, potom som našil na webu dva odkazy, vety. Moja otázka: je správne v hovorovej slovenčine povedať niečo ako: Radšej...
  35. Concise

    Slovak: “l” pronounced as “u” at the end of verbs in past form eg. ležau

    It just happened today that I found that some Slovak may pronounce the past singular form of verbs changing the “l” to “u” to create a diphtong. It is a bit similar to pronounce -ov like -ou, it seems that the Slovak like the diphtongs. ;-) Originally I found only ležal and behal converted to...
  36. Concise

    Slovak: Oblok vs okno

    A small mistake of my printed dictionary raised this question, since it does not include the word “oblok” just “oblokový”. Are “oblok” and “okno” interchangeable or is there anything to remember when using them. I also checked the former threads, but found no more about it than this one Balkan...
  37. Concise

    Slovak: telefonovať (also perfective?)

    First I just observed that my Slovak-Hungarian dictionary classified “telefonovať” as an imperfective/perfective verb. I thought that it was a mistake, but checked the online dictionaries, too. Althought the majority simply said it to be only imperfective (sometimes “zatelefonovať” was...
  38. Concise

    Slovak: dať vs dávať in a dialogue

    Months ago I promised I would be back definitely with some questions regarding the perfective and imperfective verbs. As a sort of backtest of my understanding regarding this field let me refer to a dialogue. “Veselý dialóg - Fero, dal si koňom žrať? - Dal. - Dal si im dosť? - Dal som im dosť...
  39. Concise

    Slovak: Mnoho ľudí vs mnohí ľudia

    Certainly I know that the former is an adverb + noun in plural G, while the latter is an adjective + noun in plural N. But is there any tiny difference in meaning, even if it is just a shade? Or even if there is none, is there anything to remember about when I can use this or that?
  40. Concise

    Slovak: Naproti čomu…?

    Is ‘ Naproti čomu stojí strom?´ a valid question in Slovak? Or just ‘Kde stojí strom?´? I have to create a question where the answer will be ‘Strom stojí naproti domu.’
  41. Concise

    Slovak: order of words in a question

    I remember I already asked once about word orders as regards Slovak, but it was not a structured question. This time let’s consider the sentence: ‘Čášník teraz nesie kávu tomu pánovi’. And the question is: ’Komu nesie …?’. Could the other 3 words be put at any place after ‘nesie’? Fyki let...
  42. Concise

    Slovak: Čo je s vama?

    Sometimes I hear and see forms of Slovak words from Slovak natives, which forms seem to be incorrect at first glance. But after a long inspection I typically figure it out that they are simply forms of some dialects. Like ‘hovado’ is not incorrect, it is just a Western Slovak dialect form of...
  43. Concise

    Slovak: Ale sa mi snívalo o práci

    There is a joke in my book. - Úradník zaspal na stole. Príde vedúci a hovorí: - Vy tu spíte? And the punchline is: - Ale sa mi snívalo o práci. Without knowing anything about the usage of stredný rod / neuter in case of verbs, it became quite clear for me during my checks in online dictionaries...
  44. S

    Slovak: odišla

    Hello again, this is another question about an official form I'm filling out in Slovak. However, I see the form rules say only one question per thread, so I thought I'd post it separately. If I want to say a (female) relative left Slovakia in x year, is it correct to write 'odišla v ...'...
  45. S

    Slovak: how to say N/A?

    Dobrý deň! I'm in the process of filling out a form in Slovak and am hoping someone can confirm whether the term N/A will be understood in Slovak. If not, what do you write for a question that is not applicable to your situation? I checked various dictionaries and translation sites and can't...
  46. Concise

    Slovak: Kto nemá chuti, ľahko sa vykrúti.

    I could not figure out the meaning of this proverb. The second part of sentence is related to be dancing? Or to being twisted? I also found a special meaning of “vykrúčať sa” as the imperfect form of “vkrútiť sa”, which is to be beat around/about the bush. My best bet is that Who has no...
  47. Concise

    Slovak: Večer sa pozerám televízny program

    Hello again. The original sentence is “Večer sa pozerám televízny program”. Which questions are correct? A) or B) or both? A) “Čo pozeráš večer?” B) “Na čo pozeráš večer?” Thanks
  48. Concise

    Slovak: looking for a grammar book

    In the meantime I checked all of the resources that proposes. I didnt like them, e-slovak was the one which was the closest to my need. I realized I just simply need a pure Slovak grammar book, which explains Slovak grammar and grammar-wise phenomena in details. Preferably written...
  49. Concise

    Slovak: Reflexive “sa/si” => “si” without any objects

    So far I thought I already understand this area of Slovak. But today I faced “zacvičiť si”. The sentence was “Zacvičím si podľa rádia”. Wow, no explicit object at all? In this case there is some sort of hidden object and it is why we dont use “sa”, but “si”. If so are there many reflexive...
  50. Concise

    Slovak: isť sa ….

    A new lesson means new questions: “Idem sa do kuchyne raňajkovať: i checked both my dictionaries and some of my web resources and I concluded that “isť sa” as a verb does not exist and this construction is just about the magnetic field :) of the second word, so even if “sa” got closer to “idem”...