1. M

    在 / 正在

    1. How does the meaning change if 正 is omitted in the following sentence? 这个女人正在车里跟男人说话。 2. So far, I've always seen 正在 being followed by a noun-place, sometimes with 里, sometimes without it. How does the meaning change if 里 is omitted in the sentence above? 3. Can 正 be added to the following...
  2. A

    Joining past-tense clauses

    Here's the sentence I have in mind: I found an apple and I ate it. I know for present-tense clauses, to join them, you can use the te-form of a verb: 林檎を見付けて, 食べる. (ringo o tsukete, taberu) I find an apple and I eat it. But how do you change this into the past-tense?
  3. L


    Hello I recently learned that "ーてある" is used to refer to something that has been done to an object in order to place it in a certain state, as in the sentence: "窓が開けてある。" This translates to "The window has been opened/The window is in the state of having been opened." However, I am wondering...
  4. Starfrown


    I have a question concerning a sentence I found in Akutagawa’s 「藪の中」. Here it is: 場所は関山から山科へ、参ろうと云う途中でございます。 It’s pretty easy to see roughly what he’s saying, i.e. the place is midway between Sekiyama and Yamashina, but I’m not entirely sure what’s going on grammatically in this sentence...
  5. E


    Hi, I would like to ask native speakers of Japanese a question about the progressive marker "te-iru". I myself do not know any Japanese. So my question is about the grammar of Japanese. In English, the progressive marker is -ing. When verbs like "arrive" are used with -ing, the sentence...
  6. samanthalee

    Verb tenses

    Moderator's Note: The following posts were moved from 最繁忙的道路分成两半
  7. Q

    itsu asagohan o tabemasuka

    This example is from RS. Itsu asagohan o tabemasuka? When do you eat breakfast? In my lessons I am just starting to see different forms of the verbs. Since there is no explanation I am not completely sure of the meaning. Would the sentance Itsu asagohan o tabete imasuka be incorrect? Or...
  8. L

    我吃饭 / 我把饭吃了

    What's the difference between these two sentences? 我吃饭 我把饭吃了
  9. C

    了 / 过

    Hi, everyone, who can help me with these two words? what's difference? Can you give me some good examples, thanks a lot.
  10. M

    Aspects and Verb Types

    Hello everyone, I have questions regarding tenses in Japanese. Let's say a boy and a girl are talking, and the boy is filling the girl in on details about an errand he wants her to do. The girl wants to say she understands what she has to do. Would she say... 分かります 分かりました 分かっています Or are all...
  11. Erebos12345


    Hi, regarding this form of past tense, how far "back" into the past can it be used? It's also the past tense equivalent of -ている, right? (I learned this on audio, so I can't be sure of it.) For example, 話していた(です). From my limited understanding, this generally means I was just in the process of...
  12. kyn

    I Used to Have a Girlfriend

    Hey guys, How do you say "I used to have one" as in: - Do you have a girlfriend? - I used to have one. Not anymore.
  13. B

    Tenses and Aspects in Verbs

    Hey guys, kyn's thread made me remember something I was curious about, I just thought I'd ask before I forgot about it again. When I first began learning Japanese, I found myself completely clueless about most grammatical terminology that I may have learnt back in school, I don't know...
  14. L

    past tense

    The past tense in Mandarin has been sporadically discussed in a few threads on this forum. I thought I would make a thread especially for it. It will bring everything together and make it clearer in my own head as well as others'. I also have some questions. (This is what I think, so correct...
  15. T

    past, future tense

    Is it true the verbs in mandarin has no past or future tense?
  16. cheshire

    Cantonese: 咗

    This is a question about one Cantonese letter: How is 咗 different from 了?
  17. cheshire

    了 - 我做了飯 / 我做飯了

    (1) 我做了飯 (2) 我做飯了 What's the difference?
  18. cheshire

    了 - 买一件了 / 买了一件

    (1)我給ni mai了一件(blouse). (2)我給ni mai 一件(blouse)了. What's the difference?
  19. V

    future tense

    People say that Chinese languages don't have tense, but I am not so sure, could someone clarify this? As an example of a Chinese language, in Cantonese, don't you just use the word 會 before the verb? Then 會 is just a modal, like English "will", no? So wouldn't this qualify as a compound tense...
  20. A

    Future Tense

    Hi! Is this true? :eek: How do Japanese people do to express future? :confused:
  21. B

    Tense/Aspect of Te-Form

    今日は、皆さん! I was hoping you guys could help me understand something that I've been finding confusing about some Japanese verb conjugations; in particular, the "て-form" and its apparent similarity to English's "-ing" verb suffix. I really need to ask multiple questions, so I hope you'll bare with...