из vs. от

Discussion in 'Русский (Russian)' started by JONO., Sep 30, 2009.

  1. JONO. Senior Member

    United Arab Emirates
    English U.S.
    I get somehow confused about из and от, can someone help me understand what's the difference and tell me how each of them are used?
    I know they both mean of, from, or out of something...
  2. Q-cumber

    Q-cumber Senior Member

    No way to explain unless you provide some context. Both prepositions have too many meanings.

    из - often means "out of something" (из комнаты <room>, из страны <country>, из коробки <box>).. от - doesn't have this meaning. It rather means from some point.
    Last edited: Sep 30, 2009
  3. Anatoli Senior Member

    Melbourne, Australia
    Native: русский (Russian), home country: English
    Here are some:

    из Москвы - from Moscow (arrive)
    из ящика - out of the/a box
    один из его друзей - one of his friends
    единственный из многих - e pluribus unum
    из ненависти - through hatred

    от Москвы до Санкт-Петербурга - from Moscow to Saint Petersburg (takes ... hours)
    отойти от стола - walk away from the table
    получить от друга - receive from a friend
  4. JONO. Senior Member

    United Arab Emirates
    English U.S.
    Oh right! I think I got that now из is like out of something/somewhere, and от is like for instance taking something from someone or going 'from' here to there.

    I'm aware that both prepositions are used in various contexts to mean different things, but I just wanna grasp the general concept of these words. But I think I have some idea about their differences now, yea,
    Last edited: Sep 30, 2009
  5. Q-cumber

    Q-cumber Senior Member

    Один из двух - one of two
    Кирпич из глины - a brick (made) of clay
    Стрелять из винтовки -to shoot a rifle
    Ключ от замка - a key for the lock
    ...ребёнок от него.. - child (born) from him
    Пробка от бутыки - a bottle cork
    как пробка из бутылки (idiom) - "like a cork from a bottle" (very quickly, a bottle of champagne is implied)
    "Свет из окна" - light coming from a window (usually seen from outside the building), whereas "свет от окна | лампы" specifies the source of the light.

    Last edited: Sep 30, 2009
  6. JONO. Senior Member

    United Arab Emirates
    English U.S.
    Ah ok thanks. I think I've gotten the idea though for how these prepositions are used just couldn't explain it better.
    But anyway that really helped thanks. :)
  7. Forero Senior Member

    Houston, Texas, USA
    USA English
    Would it be correct to say "Колыбельная Жар-птицы и финал от «Жар-птица» Игоря Стравинского", or should it be "из «Жар-птица»"? Should «Жар-птица» be in genitive?
  8. Maroseika Moderator

    It should be in Genitive, but preposition от is wrong here. It should be финал (колыбельная) из "Жар-птицы". It's also possible to say финал "Жар-птицы" if you use the word not as exact musical term..
  9. Forero Senior Member

    Houston, Texas, USA
    USA English

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