Hi, could please anybody explain me the difference in using كان + Perfect and وقد + Perfect when they are the marks of the Pluperfect. It is said in the Wright Grammar Vol 2, articles 3b and 3c, p.5, that parts of the sentences with the كان or the وقد both are the الحال - tha state of condition. There are two sentences below: 1. أَخْرَجَهُ وَقَدْ عُمِّىَ - he led him out blinded 2. مَاتَ الرَّشِيدُ بِطُوسَ وَكَانَ خَرَجَ إلى خُرَاسَانَ - Ar-Rashid died at Tus, after he had set out to Horasan. In both cases the parts marked by the كان or the وقد expressed the explanation of the state of condition in which the action took place. 1. Somebody had blinded him before he was taken out. He had been already blinded 2. Ar-Rashid died after he had set out to Horasan. He had been already in the country of Horasan when died in the city of Tus, which was inside the country of Horasan. If the كان and the وقد play here the same role is it possible to interchange them in the sentences without loosing the meaning of the sentences? As below: 1. أَخْرَجَهُ وَكَانَ عُمِّىَ 2. مَاتَ الرَّشِيدُ بِطُوسَ وَقَدْ خَرَجَ إلى خُرَاسَانَ What I'd like to know asking this question is to feel the general difference in using كان + Perfect and وقد + Perfect, not only in these particular examples Thank you in advance. Now I can see only one difference. In the first sentence the man was late to come and the another man had been blinded. In the second sentence on the contrary Ar-Rashid came in time just to meet his death.