‎origin of יֵלֵךְ-type verbs

zaw

Senior Member
Arabic
Hi

Are verbs like יֵלֵךְ and יֵדַע originally of the form yaqtil?

Toda raba!
 
  • Drink

    Senior Member
    English - New England, Russian - Moscow
    I think ילך comes from yalik (which is equivalent to yaqtil), while ידע comes from yida‘ (which is equivalent to yiqtal).
     

    Ali Smith

    Senior Member
    Urdu - Pakistan
    But where did the צירי in the first syllable of יֵלֵךְ come from?

    יֵדַע would originally have been yiqtal, but yiqtal would have been yaqtil in proto-Hebrew, right?

    Or maybe it was yaqtal > yiqtal (Barth-Ginsberg law).
     

    Drink

    Senior Member
    English - New England, Russian - Moscow
    According to Huenergardt, the latest theories are that the Barth-Ginsburg law applied in Proto-Semitic itself and is not specific to Hebrew. So there is no point in bringing up the form yaqtal.

    Anyway, it seems that the first tzere in ילך could have come about due to leveling and/or in the same way as the tzere in sound yiqtol forms.
     
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