职业 / 工作

Discussion in '中文+方言 (Chinese)' started by James Bates, Jun 20, 2016.

  1. James Bates Banned

    English America
    Yesterday, I asked a Chinese person 您的职业是什么?
    He corrected me saying "您的工作是什么?"
    I was under the impression that the two were synonyms! Is 职业 dialectal or archaic or something?
     
  2. NewAmerica

    NewAmerica Senior Member

    Mandarin
    Yes they are synonyms. 职业 is more formal and permanent (the word is still in use, not archaic), which is far less used in colloquialism than 工作 (thus I guess that is why the Chinese corrected you).
     
  3. Skatinginbc

    Skatinginbc Senior Member

    Canada
    Mandarin 國語
    The difference is like "what's your occupation" vs. "What's your job". The context is important in determining the word choice.
     
  4. James Bates Banned

    English America
    谢谢您们!
     
  5. Yolandabfsu1213

    Yolandabfsu1213 Member

    Beijing
    Chinese-China
    I agree with NewAmerica, but I would not correct you if I were asked the same question. (Actually I doubt whether it is "far less used"...)

    By the way, I think 职业 often appears in phrases like 职业规划(career planning), 理想职业 (dream job), etc.
     
  6. retrogradedwithwind Senior Member

    Chinese
    I also think 职业 is a usual word, and 工作 is more usual of course.

    And since 您 was used in the sentence, 您的职业是什么 sounds more appropriate than 您的工作是什么 in my point of view.
     
  7. fyl Senior Member

    Mandarin Chinese
    It depends on the context. The two words are not exacly the same. I agree with Skatinginbc.
    你的职业是什么?expect the answer to be a word like 'teacher' or 'education', and they are full answers.
    你的工作是什么?expect the full answer to be 'math teacher at xxx school'. 工作 can be understood in many other ways too.
    Basically, a 职业 has many specific job positions.
    So the word choice depends on what you want to ask.
     
  8. Skatinginbc

    Skatinginbc Senior Member

    Canada
    Mandarin 國語
    A: 我在青輔會當義工。
    B: 真的喔, 好偉大。你在那裡的工作是什麼?
    A: 清洗廁所。
    B: 那你平常的職業又是什麼?
    A: 小兒科醫生。
     

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