Or, depending on the country, e.g. Israel, there are two more options: the Anglicised 'refusenik' (those with a secular moral objection to joining the military) and the 'observant' Jews, usually the Ultra Orthodox (e.g. Hasidic Jews).Is there a name for somebody who refuses to join the army for moral or religious reasons?
True, but this needs clarification. Those who use the term 'draft dodger' for COs (conscientious objectors) are often of the "Amerika, love it or leave it" persuasion, people who believe in obedience to the regime in power, regardless of whether that entity has made good or bad decisions, and without regard for the principled moral stance of a CO. Some COs do offer to serve in the military, in such roles as medic or ambulance driver. It's not quite as simple as some people would have it.When a government has a policy of involuntary conscription, called here (US) "the draft," a person, conscientious objector or not, who refuses to be enlisted is called "a draft dodger"—usually a term of disparagement.