Acacia tree

Discussion in 'العربية (Arabic)' started by origumi, Jul 14, 2010.

  1. origumi Senior Member


    There is an Arabic name (colloquial I think) for the acacia tree, that sounds like "sayala" or "seyala".

    What is the correct word? In which dialects (or MSA) it's used, and specifically - does it exist in Levantine and/or Maghrebi?

  2. clevermizo Senior Member

    St. Louis, MO
    English (USA), Spanish
    In standard Arabic I believe the Acacia is called الســَلــَم. I'm not sure about different colloquial words for it.
  3. Faylasoof Senior Member

    Plato's Republic
    English (UK) & Urdu (Luckhnow), Hindi

    This one I don't know! But according to this site, the acacia tree in Jordan is called السَنْط ( Acacia tortilis ).

    الســَلــَم is one of a number of varieties of acacia trees. It seems that MSA uses all of these:

    الطَلْح , الســَلــَم,السَنْط , الأَكاسيا, الأَقَاقِيَا, القَرَظ and the enchanting أُمّ غَيْلاَن!

    Acacia arabica = الطلح العربي
    Acacia senegal = الأكاسيا السنغالية / الأَقَاقِيَا
    Wild Acacia gummifera = أُمّ غَيْلاَن = الأَقَاقِيَا البَرِّيّ = السَنْط البَرِّيّ

    BTW, طَلْحة is a proper name for boys.
  4. origumi Senior Member

    Thanks clevermizo, faylasoof.

    After some more research - this is a specific kind of acacia known sometimes as umbrella thorn, whose scientific name is acacia tortillis with several sub-species, the relevant are acacia tortillis tortillis and acacia tortillis raddiana. There's also acacia seyal, a different species.

    In most Arabic dialects acacia tortillis in known as seyal. In Egypt and Sudan the names sayal and samor / samur are in use. Other Arabic words for this tree are talh / taleh and hares. In places where acacia tortillis are abundant, the names are distinctive:

    * taleh = acacia seyal
    * sayal = acacia tortillis raddiana
    * samur = acacia tortillis tortills

    Other arabic names refer to different acacia species, among them salam, kitr, sunt, laoot, hashab, haraz, umm surrog.
  5. Wadi Hanifa

    Wadi Hanifa Senior Member

    The one that looks like an umbrella is السمر (samar).

    سَلَمة is also a male proper name.

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