Hi, I have a question about the active participle. (I'll stick to form 1 just to keep it simple.) My grammar text says that the active participle is often thought of as something resembling the gerund in English. However, my text also says that the active participle usually takes on a nominative function. For example, Taalib = demanding but also Taalib = student. My book gives some examples: huwa raakibun HiSaanan = he is riding a horse. But what happens if the active participle doesn't have an object? How do I know if the meaning is nominal or verbal? Example: anaa raakib = I am a knight? Or does it mean: "I am riding" ? With a direct object it seems obvious. But without a direct object, I can't see how to translate it. Thanks.