##### New Member
CONTEXT:
it is a description of the mathematics abilities of a second grader:
"fuently solves addition facts to 18"

what is the correct translation of "addition fact"? could it be "suma or "adición". How should i translate the whole sentece?

Thank you.

• #### Camilo1964

##### Senior Member
Hola:

En este hilo se discutió bastante sobre el punto y se planteaban varias resoluciones.

Después de leer dicho hilo creo que "addition facts" (y siempre dependiendo del contexto) puede traducirse como "propiedades de la suma o adición".

No se si lo recuerdas, pero a mi en la escuela siempre me repetían lo de las propiedades conmutativas, distributivas y asociativas de las operaciones aritméticas, pero de acordarme sólo recuerdo la conmutativa ("el orden de los factores no altera el producto", es decir, da igual multiplicar 6*8 que 8*6 que el producto siempre será 48; da igual sumar 3 + 2 que 2 + 3, que el resultado siempre será 5).

Saludos,

Camilo

#### Salegrosso

##### Senior Member
"fuently solves addition facts to 18"
What does 'to 18' mean? Does it perhaps mean that he/she, at the age of 18, was able to solve addition calculations? (I hope an 18-year-old does something more...)
Or, rather, that he/she can solve additions with up to 18 terms?
I have never heard this saying in maths.

Could you write the sentence before and after this one?

##### Member
Basic skills are those skills that are used routinely and automatically.The addition facts for 0, through 18 is a math table. Like this
9+9, 9+8, 9+7, 9+6, 9+5, 9+4, 9+3. 9+2, 9+1, 9+0, 8+9, 8+8, 8+7, 8+6, 8+5, 8+4, 8+3, 8+2, 8+1, 7+7, 7+6, 7+5, 7+4, 7+3, 7+2, 7+1, 7+0, 6+6, 6+5, 6+4, 6+3, 6+2, 6+1, 6+0, 5+5, 5+4, 5+3, 5+2, 5+1, 5+0, 4+4, 4+3, 4+2, 4+1, 4+0, 3+3+, 3+2, 3+1, 3+0, 2+2, 2+1, 2+0, 1+1, 1+0.
Correct me please if i am wrong.

#### Salegrosso

##### Senior Member
Sorry, Nomadkite, but this doesn't make much sense to me.

I think we have to solve this basic question, in order to be able to try possible translations.

#### owlba67

##### Member
When we speak about addition, subtraction, multiplication facts in the U.S. we are speaking about the facts we memorize since first grade. For example, we memorize our 1s, which means that we memorize that 0+1 = 1, 1+1 = 2, 1+2 = 3 and so on until we "get to" 12 (usually). When we "get to" 12, this means that we are memorizing until 12+1 = 13. So we memorize the sums in between so that we can solve math problems faster. This applies to subtraction (20-0 = 20, 20-1 = 19, etc. until we get to 20-20 = 0. It applies to multiplication (5x0=0, 5x1=5, 5x2=10, etc., usually until 5x12=60. It applies to division 20/1 = 20, 20/2 = 10, etc. until we get to 20/20=1.

So, I have been using tablas de sumar, tablas de restar, tablas de multiplicar, and tablas de dividir.

If I am wrong, please let me know. I've used these terms in letters to elementary school parents in the classes I've taught in, and they seem to know what I'm talking about. I'm in Southern California.

#### owlba67

##### Member
"En Wikipedia a las tablas como la de multiplicar las llaman multiplication table o time table."

Se llaman "times tables" porque en ingles decimos:

5 times 4 = 20 )

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