Affinal

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Marketo

Member
Mexican-Spanish
During my toefl preparation I found the word "affinal" in a list of 1700 word I should know for this exam. I really don't understand what is the meaning of this word in the list. In that list the word affinal is defined as follows:

Affinal (adjective)

A kinsman or ally related by marriage

Example

Elbasi is the richer location and can draw upon wives from more marginal settlements, from families who seek out more favorable domestic conditions for their daughters as well as affinal contacts in prominent communities.
 
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  • Loob

    Senior Member
    English UK
    Hello, Marketo.

    To the best of my knowledge, I have never heard or read the word "affinal", and I'm rather surprised it's in a list of 1700 words that you should know - unless you are specialising in Anthropology:).

    That said, it is in the WR English dictionary, with the following definition:
    Anthropology concerning or having a family relationship by marriage.
    The OED (the "big" Oxford English Dictionary) defines it as follows:
    2. Related by marriage; derived from the same stock or source.
     

    Cagey

    post mod (English Only / Latin)
    English - US
    Like Loob, I was surprised to see affinal on a list of words English learners might be expected to know.

    I did find this by clicking on the in context link above the WR definition. It may be helpful:
    Concept of Kinship GroundReport - ‎Feb 9, 2011‎
    A consanguineal kin is one related through blood ties and an affinal kin is related through marriage.​
     

    George French

    Senior Member
    English - UK
    Like Loob, I was surprised to see affinal on a list of words English learners might be expected to know.
    I suppose that the examining body expects students to look up words. :rolleyes: or should it be :) New one for me....

    GF..

    Perhaps it fits with the local circumstances... or not.

    New knowledge is unfortunately forgotten faster than the old.... :warning:
     

    Fabulist

    Banned
    American English
    And I'm the 6th or 7th!

    If you have to know it for an examination, you have to know it for an examination, but I wouldn't try to remember it afterwards or use it with real speakers of English—except for anthropology professors and perhaps their students.
     
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