an element of self-love in all relationships <that> Freud deemed necessary

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Blue Apple

Senior Member
Persian (Iran)
Does the bold "that" in the text refers to "the existence of an element of self-love in all relationships" or "all relationships"?

Text:
The introduction of the outside world interrupts this circuit, creating a rift which prompts the developing ego to look outside itself for satisfaction. In classical accounts​
of narcissism, secondary narcissism is akin to a compensatory attempt to remake an unbroken circuit of satisfaction around the subject. Now while there is an element of self-love in all relationships that Freud deemed necessary, this secondary formation is, as we have seen in Lacan’s ‘The Mirror-Stage’, neurotic, dependent on the projection of an idealised selfimage, which Freud calls the ego ideal and which for Lacan is founded on lack (Art and Psychoanalysis by Maria Walsh).​
 
  • Keith Bradford

    Senior Member
    English (Midlands UK)
    I think it must be "the existence of an element of self-love in all relationships". Clever though he was, Freud could not possibly say what relationships might be necessary in some person's life.

    Having said that, I do feel that the phrasing is rather unhappy. It really needs "Now while there is an element of self-love in all relationships, and Freud deemed this necessary,..."
     
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