Balk at doing or having to do


Senior Member
Could anyone Please tell me the difference between

1.He balks at helping others.------He balks when he has to help others.Here there is no compulsion, right?But doesn't has to connote compulsion?

2.He balks at having to help others.-------He balks when he has to help others.Here it is compulsion.He must do it, right?

But in both the cases I have used "has to" and has to is used always for compulsion.So in the first case what must I use instead of has to.

Thank you.
  • Glenfarclas

    Senior Member
    English (American)
    I can't understand what would make you want to define "He balks at helping others" as "He balks when he has to help others." The sentence is fine as it is; you do not need to use "has to."
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