beaten by Tim using a stick [dangling modifier?]

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azz

Senior Member
armenian
Can one write
a. He was beaten by Tim using a stick.
b. He was beaten by Tim, using a stick.

c. He was beaten by Tim with a stick.
d. He was beaten by Tim, with a stick.

?

The sentences are mine.

I feel pretty confident about (c) and (d). In (d) 'with a stick' would be an afterthought.
I feel less confident about (a) and (b).

Many thanks.
 
  • DonnyB

    Sixties Mod
    English UK Southern Standard English
    I agree with your thoughts that "with" sounds more idiomatic than "using" in those sentences, although "using" is not wrong. But I think I'd alter the word order in (c) and (d) and say:

    e. He was beaten with a stick by Tim.
     
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