bitten too often by Congress reneging on agreements

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Saltie

Senior Member
Russian, Russia, Sochi
Hi!

It's from Longman dictionary

'They had been bitten too often by Congress reneging on agreements negotiated in good faith by the White House.'

I don't understand several parts of this sentence.

1) What does "bitten" mean here?
2) Who reneged on agreements? Congress or 'they'?
 
  • mgarizona

    Senior Member
    US - American English
    There's an idiom in English "Once bitten, twice shy". It means that once something bad has happened to you, you become more sensitive and aware of the threat. You could read this as alluding to that idiom but there are plenty of instances of a bite as metaphor for injury. "To bite the hand that feeds you" is another example.
     
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