<By> Liberty is sometimes

gil12345

Senior Member
chinese
Hi there,

"By Liberty is sometimes understood the Absence of Opposition; and in this Sense, indeed, all our Actions may be said to be the Effects of our Liberty: But it is a Liberty of the same Nature with the Fall of a heavy Body to the Ground; it has Liberty to fall, that is, it meets with nothing to hinder its Fall, but at the same Time it is necessitated to fall, and has no Power or Liberty to remain suspended."

Founders Online: A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, 1725 (VII)

Why is the underlined "by" used here? I mean even without it, the sentence makes total sense.

Thanks

Gil
 
  • grassy

    Senior Member
    Polish
    Let's reverse it: The Absence of Opposition is sometimes understood by Liberty. Does it make sense?

    You cannot leave out "by". If you did, you'd have to add "as" before "the Absence of Opposition".
     

    gil12345

    Senior Member
    chinese
    Let's reverse it: The Absence of Opposition is sometimes understood by Liberty. Does it make sense?

    You cannot leave out "by". If you did, you'd have to add "as" before "the Absence of Opposition".
    Thanks. Then can we use "as" instead?
     
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