by now VS now

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Senior Member
Hi guys~

"My day is almost over now" VS "My day is almost over by now"

What's the difference in meaning?
  • cropje_jnr

    Senior Member
    English - Australia
    By now = some time before now (or right now, depending).
    Now = at this very moment.

    It is not often used in simple phrases involving the present, however. Some examples of its most common uses:

    "We should have arrived by now" => "we should already have arrived"
    "My brother started playing pool at four - he must be brilliant by now" (interchangeable with "now" in such usages).


    Senior Member
    English - South-East England
    Usually by now I've had lunch. Today I haven't had it yet. - This doesn't mean I usually have lunch at this time, but this time or earlier. Some time up to now.
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