I recently read Ernest Hemingway’s short novel “A clean, well-lighted place“, and found that an old man ordered brandy in the cafe. The novel was written in the 1930s, and I wonder whether a cafe back then sold both cafe and alcohol and functioned just like a bar. Do cafes today sell alcohol? Starbucks do not, but I don’t know about smaller, privately-owned cafes. Other kinds of bars like bodegas were mentioned in the novel, and Hemingway seemed to stress the bright light and the cleanness of the cafe in comparison with the bodega which was noisy and “unpolished”. Given that we don’t say “well-lighted” any more, but “well-lit“, I wonder whether the meaning and functions of the cafe also changes over time.