A more extreme form: separationist.clannishness
Of or pertaining to a clan; closely united, like a clan; disposed to associate only
with one's clan or clique; actuated by the traditions, prejudices, habits, etc., of a clan.
F... a strong tradition of tolerance and respect has led to the full acceptance of all kinds of religious practices. The state does not interfere as long as law and order do not come under threat. However, this tends to create a situation where 'community-ism' ('communautarisme' as it is called in France) reigns, and ghettos can develop.
The word in English is COMMUNITARIANISM and not communautarism. That is a "Francissisme".
i cannot post urls as a junior member. But you can check the wiki article on it when you google the word.
it explains the concept of COMMUNITARIANISM which is essentially what communautarisme is in French.
I worked in the race relations industry in England for fifteen years and never heard of the words communalism or communitarianism until reading this thread tonight.
It seems to represent what I would have described in the 1980s as separatism, ethnic separatism or (in everyday English) clannishness. Separate development is what the South Africans used to call it (apartheid in Afrikaans) but I think that goes beyond an idea to become a set of political and social actions.
I'm not at all sure that its opposite is multiculturalism but perhaps integration? I would certainly not try to encourage the use of the words communalism or communitarianism in modern English -- far too similar to others in form not to produce confusion.
None of this may be acceptable to translators, but at least it may help understand what the French media is trying to say!
communautarism (in English) legitimates its actions through limited religious & cultural traditions. Its adepts shurn cultural variety and live in the past, rejecting evolution and change.
It's opposite is multiculturalism.
In this instance, they wish to react to violence and barbarism THEIR way, not necessarily going with the law or currently accepted means.
I don't agree it's opposite is multiculturalism. "Multiculturalism" is the idea that immigrants to a country should not be obliged/encouraged to take on all the habits and culture of the home country but it's fine for different cultures to live side by side. Opponents of it would argue that multiculturalism leads to something like "communautarisme" (ie. people not integrating, and keeping to others with the same culture). I think 'sectarianism' isn't bad, but I agree I can't think of one perfect term that means exactly the same thing as the French.