The question of this thread is: Does "concluding" mean "(we use our free will to take the action of) concluding"?

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P values indicate how incompatible the observed data may be with a null hypothesis; “P<0.05” implies that a treatment effect or exposure association larger than that observed would occur less than 5% of the time under a null hypothesis of no effect or association and assuming no confounding.

**Concluding that the null hypothesis is false**when in fact it is true (a type I error in statistical terms) has a likelihood of less than 5%. When P values are reported for multiple outcomes without adjustment for multiplicity, the probability of declaring a treatment difference when none exists can be much higher than 5%. When 10 tests are conducted, the probability that at least one of the 10 will have a P value less than 0.05 may be as high as 40% when the null hypothesis of no difference is true.

Source New England Journal of Medicine July 18, 2019

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMe1906559?query=featured_home