Hi, The following paragraph appears in a home purchase contract: A Force Majeure Event means any event beyond Seller's control including, without limitation, work stoppages, strikes ... and any other event recognized by the law of the state in which the Home is located as a defense to a contract action for non-performance or a delay in performance. I googled "contract action", and found the following explanations: Any agreement, either written or oral, that changes a contract. What is CONTRACT ACTION? definition of CONTRACT ACTION (Black's Law Dictionary) Oral or written statement, or a step taken, that results in the formation or modification of a contract. Also called contracting action, contracting activity. What is contract action? definition and meaning But in the sentence above, as the word "defense" appears, I am wondering whether "action" means lawsuit. Could you clarify the meaning of "defense to a contract action" for me? Thank you.