degree of persistence, cyclical propensity


Senior Member
Finally, Islamic fundamentalism has shown an unusual degree of persistence during the last century and in previous eras, with a cyclical propensity to intrude upon the sociopolitical process to shape its evolution.

What are the meanings of 'degree of persistence' and 'cyclical propensity'?
  • Scholiast

    Senior Member

    "degree" means here "extent", "quantity" or "intensity", and is almost redundant here. Another way of putting it would be "...has shown unusual persistence..." or "...has been unusually persistent...".

    "propensity" is a tendency to behave in a certain habitual way. Making it "cyclical" indicates that, like sunspots, it comes and goes over time, with periods when it is more, and other times when it is less, active or obvious.

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