"Did you study" vs. "have you studied"

nowt000

Senior Member
Mandarin
Consider this test question:

-- I wish I had succeeded in the final exams.

-- Yeah, I know. But _____ hard?

A. do you study B. did you study

C. had you studied D. have you studied

The answer is B, but I was wondering why D was wrong.

I think D would suggest "have you studied hard until now", which would also fit in the context.
 
  • Barque

    Senior Member
    Tamil
    I think D would suggest "have you studied hard until now", which would also fit in the context.
    I'm not sure why you say it would fit the context, because the exams are obviously over. Option D could possibly be used if the first person had said "I hope I do well in the exams" implying that he is yet to write the exams.

    Option C could also work with your example but I prefer B.
     

    TheCrociato91

    Senior Member
    Italian - Northern Italy
    What about "had you studied hard?", implying "had you studied hard before taking/you took the exam?"? I'd probably go for B, but I was wondering if C could work too.

    - Edit: corrected myself
     
    Last edited:

    dojibear

    Senior Member
    English - Northeast US
    C and B both work, but (at least in AE) we don't use the past perfect tense (C) very much. People usually prefer to use simple past (B).
     
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