EHL Resources suggestions

Frank06

Senior Member
Nederlands / Dutch (Belgium)
Hello posters,

This thread accepts suggestions for resources. Contributions, upon approval, are to be listed in EHL Resources post in the Welcome thread of the EHL Forum.

What?
  1. Any online etymological dictionary or database, or general dictionary with etymological explanations.
  2. Resources about
    (a) extinct or dead languages (e.g. Sumerian, ... )
    (b) older language phases (Pahlavi, Old English, Middle German, ...
    Dictionaries, reference grammars and (a selection of) representative texts.
  3. Specialty dictionaries
    e.g. etymology of names, place names, medical terms, etc.
The stickies for (2) and (3) [and more] will be uploaded soon.

Format
Please make sure that your suggestions contain the following items:
a. URL
b. a short description of the web page: what information it presents, how the info is presented and so on.
c. language(s) involved
d. the main language used on the website

Below is an example contribution:

Turkish
a. http://socrates.berkeley.edu:7037/cg...TELLsearch.cgi - Turkish Electronic Living Lexicon, general dictionary of modern Turkish with etymological explanations [in English]
Use of this thread
This thread is maintained only for suggestions. Please check our EHL resources collection before posting suggestions. To do so, click here. In case you find problems with existing links (such as broken links, commercial contents, redundant items etc.), kindly contact the EHL Forum moderator via PM (Personal Message).

I hope we can all benefit from this asset and contribute to its development.

Groetjes,

Frank
 
  • Frank06

    Senior Member
    Nederlands / Dutch (Belgium)
    General:
    http://www.wals.info/
    "WALS is a database of structural (phonological, grammatical, lexical) properties of languages gathered from descriptive materials (such as reference grammars) by a team of more than 40 authors "
     

    sokol

    Senior Member
    Austrian (as opposed to Australian)
    http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/iedocctr/ie.html
    Indo-European Documentation Center, Texas: Goal of the site is to give an overview about all Indo-European languages and a precise description of the reconstructed Indo-European language; for now there's mainly the overview, the rest still under construction; seems to be serious and trustworthy.

    http://www.indo-european.org/eresources.html
    Indo-European Electronic Resources: Links to other sites; haven't taken a closer look at them yet.

    I've picked those links out of this list:
    http://titus.uni-frankfurt.de/indexd.htm
    There's still much more to be found there; I hope I'll find the time later to pick out the more useful ones.
     

    sokol

    Senior Member
    Austrian (as opposed to Australian)
    Arabic (provided by http://forum.wordreference.com/member.php?u=301912origumi):

    Online Arabic Etymological Dictionary that contains nearly 7800 entries (in Latin transcription) with Semitic and other cognates. More than 1000 of the words have Hebrew equivalent.
    http://etymological.freeweb.hu/AEDweb.htm


    Indo-European and Semitic roots (provided by Flaminius):
    http://www.bartleby.com/61/
    The American Heritage Dictionary of English, provides Indo-European and Semitic roots included with historical background on both language branches.
    The site's goal is etymological research for English words but it is also relevant for both Indo-European and Semitic in general.
     

    miguel89

    Senior Member
    Spanish
    A brand-new tool by Google which creates graphics that shows variation of word usage during a period of time that can be set:

    Books Ngram Viewer

    It is available for English, Chinese, German, French, Russian and Spanish.
     

    swift

    Senior Member
    Spanish – Costa Rica (Valle Central)
    George Douros' Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts.
    Aegean and Mediterranean Scripts, Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform, Musical Symbols, Maya Hieroglyphs, Symbol Blocks of the Unicode Standard, Fonts based on Early Editions of Greek Texts, et al.
    Free download: http://users.teilar.gr/~g1951d/

    Unicode Cuneiform Fonts for Macintosh and Windows.
    True Type Fonts (ttf) created by Sylvie Vanséveren
    .

    Free download: www.hethport.uni-wuerzburg.de/cuneifont/
     
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    madc0w

    New Member
    English, French
    I found this site:

    heliosophiclabs.com/etymonline

    It's based on etymonline.com, but the interface is slicker, and it allows you to browse the derivation more easily.
     

    miguel89

    Senior Member
    Spanish
    Some tools from the RAE and the Fundación Rafael Lapesa. It includes:
    • A corpus
    • The old Historical Dictionary of Spanish (very small, just a- and some b-)
    • Access to some old editions of the dictionary (lematized)
    • RAE's files
     

    rayloom

    Senior Member
    Arabic (Hijazi Arabic)
    Semitic
    http://www.bartleby.com/61/Sroots.html - List of Proto-Semitic roots (which are found back in modern English) [in English]
    http://arabic.tripod.com/ProtoSemitic.htm
    Reconstruction of Proto-Semitic: The author himself says that he is not a qualified linguist and that he is doing this only for fun so what we see here on Proto-Semitic has to be handled with the utmost care; nevertheless - it is in English, and resources on Proto-Semitic are scarce.

    (Contributed by Arabus)
    Arabic (provided by origumi):

    Online Arabic Etymological Dictionary that contains nearly 7800 entries (in Latin transcription) with Semitic and other cognates. More than 1000 of the words have Hebrew equivalent.
    http://etymological.freeweb.hu/AEDweb.htm


    Indo-European and Semitic roots (provided by Flaminius):
    http://www.bartleby.com/61/
    The American Heritage Dictionary of English, provides Indo-European and Semitic roots included with historical background on both language branches.
    The site's goal is etymological research for English words but it is also relevant for both Indo-European and Semitic in general.
    Unfortunately all the previously posted links have stopped working :(

    So regarding the Arabic etymological dictionary, it seems that it can be either found here (as a downloadable PDF), or here (as a readable PDF). I don't know though if the PDF version was authorized by the author Andras Rajiki, I would like to believe so since it was originally posted for free.
    (Mods feel free to remove the links if you think otherwise).

    Another online resource I'd like to add is the Arabic-Hebrew Lexicon:
    https://sites.google.com/site/arabichebrewlexicon/
    Which features a "lexicon of (nearly) 1,000 Arabic and Hebrew word-pairs of common origin, both cognates and borrowings".
    You can browse the word-pairs by clicking on any of the letters in the table on the left.

    A direct link to the Semitic directory in the Starling database (already mentioned in the online resources page):
    http://starling.rinet.ru/cgi-bin/response.cgi?root=config&morpho=0&basename=\data\semham\semet&first=1
    The search feature is a bit difficult to use (you have to be creative and try different things)
     

    miguel89

    Senior Member
    Spanish
    Hi,
    I think this has been posted elsewhere, but to reach those sites that aren't available anymore, you can try to look for them in the Web Archive.
    Here is the Semitic roots page, for example.
     

    ger4

    Senior Member
    German
    Baltic languages
    http://www.baltistica.lt/index.php/baltistica - Magazine about the Baltic languages, both present-day (Latvian, Lithuanian) and extinct (as Prussian), etymology etc. Articles mainly in Lithuanian but also in Latvian, English and other languages. Comprehensive index. This is a direct link to the magazine's English homepage
     
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    ger4

    Senior Member
    German
    Estonian:
    http://www.eki.ee/dict/ety/ - Etymological dictionary (in Estonian only - but there is a link to an English-Estonian dictionary: click "nastike koondleht", then "inglise-eesti sõnastik")
     
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    Flaminius

    coclea mod
    日本語 / japāniski / יפנית
    Tocharian B:
    https://www.win.tue.nl/~aeb/natlang/ie/tochB.html
    The electronic version of the following book (an enlarged second edition is in print):
    Adams, Douglas Q. A dictionary of Tocharian B. Amsterdam – Atlanta: Rodopi, 1999.
     

    rayloom

    Senior Member
    Arabic (Hijazi Arabic)

    fdb

    Senior Member
    French (France)
    An updated list of online resources on Arabic (and Semitic) etymology:
    Appendix II - Semitic Roots (The American Heritage dictionary-Semitic roots appendix)
    http://starling.rinet.ru/cgi-bin/response.cgi?root=config&morpho=0&basename=\data\semham\semet&first=1 (Alexander Militarev's compilation work)
    Arabic Etymological Dictionary (Andras Rajki's Arabic Etymological Dictionary)
    https://www2.hf.uio.no/polyglotta/index.php?page=volume&vid=626 (The EtymArab project, which is ongoing)
    Rajki's thing is useless. The transliteration of the Arabic words is all wrong.
     
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