false friends

Sardokan1.0

Senior Member
Sardu / Italianu
French :
- acheter (to buy)
- appeler (to call)
- bouffer (to blow, to inflate)
- maison (house)

Sardinian :
- agattare (to find)
- appeddare (to bark)
- buffare (to drink)
- masone (flock of sheeps)
 
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  • Dymn

    Senior Member
    Another item to add to this list:
    redaction

    English:
    "edition", "deletion/censoring of text", etc.
    Many/most other European languages:
    "editorial staff/department (at a newspaper, etc.)", and in many/most Romance languages, "written composition"
    In Spanish it takes all of these three meanings.
     

    AndrasBP

    Senior Member
    Hungarian
    The word "TUTAJ" means "here" in Polish and "raft" in Hungarian (which is "tratwa" in Polish). The pronunciation is almost the same in the two languages.

    It was funny to hear this word in Poland all the time. :)
     

    bibax

    Senior Member
    Czech (Prague)
    Czech/English (mostly one-syllable words):

    pot (sweat in Czech);
    plot (fence);
    plod (fruit, foetus);
    knot (candle wick);
    bob (bean);
    bod (point);
    lid (nation, folk);
    led (ice);
    let (noun fly);
    i (also, even);
    had (snake);
    papal ([s/he] ate);
    line ([it] wafts);
    ovary (plur. boiled pork heads);
    chat (gen. plur. cottages, chalets);
    pat (gen. plur. heels);
    not (gen. plur. notes);
    slot (gen. plur. bad-weathers);
    far (gen. plur. presbyteries);
    bit (pass. part. beaten);
    pad (transgr. having falled)
     
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    Penyafort

    Senior Member
    Catalan (Catalonia), Spanish (Spain)
    Some more between Catalan and Spanish not mentioned before:
    ampolla 'bottle' vs ampolla 'blister', 'ampoule, vial'
    bolet 'mushroom' vs boleto 'ticket'
    bordar 'to bark' vs bordar 'to embroider'
    calces 'panties' vs calces 'wedges'
    civada 'oats' vs cebada 'barley'
    fressa 'continuous sound/noise' vs fresa 'strawberry'
    fusta 'wood' vs fusta 'riding whip'
    golfes 'attic, loft' vs golfas 'brazen slutty women'
    llevar-se 'get up' vs llevarse 'take away'
    pujar [pu'ʒa] 'go up, lift, raise' vs pujar [pu'xaɾ] 'bid', 'struggle'
    rentar 'to wash' vs rentar 'to yield', 'to let/rent out'​
    trepar 'to drill' vs trepar 'to climb'​
    vaga 'strike, stoppage' vs vaga 'lazy woman'​
    venda 'sale' vs venda 'bandage', 'blindfold'​
     

    Armas

    Senior Member
    Finnish
    Finnish novelli is not a novel (Fin. romaani), nor a novella (Fin. pienoisromaani "small novel"), but a short story. Swedish seems to use novell for short story as well.
     

    nimak

    Senior Member
    Macedonian
    MacedonianDutch
    almost same pronunciation: ɔ - o; ɛ - e; j /j/; nj /ɲ/

    јас (jas) "I" – jas "jacket"
    орање (oranje) "plowing" – oranje "orange"
    вол (vol) "ox" – vol "full"
    сок (sok) "juice" – sok "sock"
     
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    Sardokan1.0

    Senior Member
    Sardu / Italianu
    Some more between Catalan and Spanish not mentioned before:
    ampolla 'bottle' vs ampolla 'blister', 'ampoule, vial'
    civada 'oats' vs cebada 'barley'
    fressa 'continuous sound/noise' vs fresa 'strawberry'
    fusta 'wood' vs fusta 'riding whip'
    llevar-se 'get up' vs llevarse 'take away'

    Catalan and Spanish vs Sardinian

    ampulla
    - bottle
    sevada, sebada, seada - typical Sardinian specialty, made with bran, and stuffed with cheese
    fresa - typical Sardinian bread, thin and crunchy
    fuste - stick, rod, staff (Latin "fustem", accusative of "fustis" - stick, rod, staff)
    si levare, si leare - to take away, to remove yourself
     

    AndrasBP

    Senior Member
    Hungarian
    I've just seen a "Hungarian" word in a Portuguese text. :)

    In Hungarian,"fizesse" is an imperative/subjunctive form of the verb "fizet" (= to pay), meaning "let him pay" or "he should pay" (pron. /'fizɛʃ:ɛ/).
    In Portuguese, it is some form of "fazer" (= to make, to do). Is that right?
     

    Red Arrow

    Senior Member
    Dutch - Belgium
    Some other "real" false friends: the English words "pen", "pencil" and "crayon" can be pretty confusing.

    French:
    pinceau = paintbrush
    crayon = pencil
    stylo = ballpoint pen
    plume = fountain pen
    craie = chalk or crayon

    A crayon can also be called "crayon de cire", but crayon usually means pencil.

    Dutch:
    penseel = paintbrush
    potlood (literally pot + lead) = pencil
    pen = pen
    krijt = chalk or crayon

    Swedish:
    pensel = paintbrush
    penna = pen or pencil
    krita = chalk or crayon

    You can be more specific in Swedish by calling a pencil a "blyertspenna" (a graphite pen).
     
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