But how do you explain these two :James Brandon said:I should have made this clear in my 1st reply:
TO GIVE UP ON + Noun => To give up on something (or somebody)
He has given up on him - whenever they arrange to go out for a drink, he arrives an hour late (= he no longer expects anything of his friend).
She has given up on the idea of moving to Brussels (= she has dropped the plan).
TO GIVE UP + Verb (Ing form) => To give up doing something
He has given up smoking (= he no longer smokes).
We have given up trying to talk sense into her: she won't listen (= we don't think it is worth it, so we are not doing it any more).
I hope the above is clear and I believe it is correct.
I don't get it.James Brandon said:"I give up the gun" is in line with what I suggested (Give up + Noun).
I suppose you could say "I give up on doing XYZ" if you consider that the V-ing form is a gerund (i.e. a verb used as a noun) as opposed to a regular verb form (i.e. a verb used as a verb).
James Brandon said:As often, we could (and I should) have had a look at a good dictionary first - the Oxford Concise Dictionary is a good source. They say:
To give up (Intransitive, no object) - Cease making an effort/admit defeat
To give sb up - To deliver a wanted person to authority
To give sthg up - (a) To part with sthg that one would prefer to keep
(b) To stop doing sthg => To give up doing sthg
To give up on - To stop having faith or belief in sthg or sb
So, we can have:
To give up, No object - Eg I give up! (= I am abandoning my efforts, sorry!)
To give up + Noun (= to drop) Eg He has given up his job
To give up + V-ing (= to stop doing) Eg She has given up smoking
To give up on + Noun (= to lose faith in) Eg I give up on her: she never stops moaning about her job but will not do anything positive about it
To give up on + Gerund, ie V in -ing form used as noun - Eg The government has given up on implementing those changes
I would still say the more common form is To give up doing for a form with verb. Also, To give up on (sb/sthg) is different in terms of meaning rather than anything else, as compared to To give up (sthg/sb).
I hope this is clearer and does cover it...
I just looked at that again and I saw "give up sb".James Brandon said:To give sb up - To deliver a wanted person to authority
Hi Roniy,roniy said:I just looked at that again and I saw "give up sb".
And I thought
"Give up on my girlfriend"
is that when you lose you faith in her.
how is that
"give up my girlfriend"
I am certain I have heard this one.
And according to Oxford dictionary it says to delive a wanted person to authority.
or I guess it is wrong without "on" in this example ???