Gregarious v. cæspitose [botany]

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I oftentimes encounter the words gregarious and cæspitose used as antonyms in botanical contexts and I find myself utterly confused.

The usual definitions that I've found are as follows:

Cæspitose (of plants) growing in small dense clumps or tufts
Gregarious (of plants) growing in groups that are close together

Could anyone elucidate the difference for me?
  • sumelic

    Senior Member
    English - California
    According to my Dictionary app, gregarious is usually used of plants "growing in open clusters" while cespitose refers to "forming mats of growing in dense tufts or clumps". So I'd imagine gregarious plants are more spaced out/separate from each other.
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