I should have gone to bed with a sore heart under any other roof <but that which> sheltered her

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park sang joon

Senior Member
Korean
The narrator recalls his childhood.
He visited his nurse Pegotty's brother's with Peggotty again over a year after the first visit.
Today is the wedding day for Peggotty and the coachman Mr. Bariks.
And the ceremony was all finished.

Well, we came to the old boat [Mr. Peggotty made the house of a boat] again in good time at night, and there Mr. and Mrs. Barkis bade us good bye, and drove away snugly to their own home. I felt then, for the first time, that I had lost Peggotty. I should have gone to bed with a sore heart indeed under any other roof but that which sheltered little Em'ly's head.
[David Copperfield by Charles Dickens]
I'd like to know if the underlined clause means the following.
: "if the roof hadn't sheltered little Em'ly's head."
Thank you in advance for your help.
 
  • velisarius

    Senior Member
    British English (Sussex)
    He would have been unhappy under any other roof but (except) the one that sheltered the girl.

    If little Emily had not been sleeping there in the same house that night, he would have been very unhappy.
     

    park sang joon

    Senior Member
    Korean
    Thank you, velisarius, for your so very helpful answer. :)
    Then I was wondering if the non-restrictive relative pronoun "which" refers to just "roof" in "any other roof."
     

    Loob

    Senior Member
    English UK
    "Which" there refers back to "that":

    any other roof but that which ...
    any other roof but the one which ...
    any other roof except the one which ...


    (cross-posted with veli)
     
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