Is there any English word ending with letter "j"?

Discussion in 'Etymology, History of languages, and Linguistics (EHL)' started by franknagy, Nov 20, 2012.

  1. franknagy

    franknagy Senior Member

    The sound denoted by "j" in the beginning of English words is generally spelled as "-dge" on the end of the words:
    - bridge, edge, partridge, ...
    If the "j" is written in the middle of English words, it is preceded by a Latin prefix:
    - injury, reject, project, prejudice ...

  2. entangledbank

    entangledbank Senior Member

    English - South-East England
    Bridge and edge are from Old English; they originally contained a sound [gg], which changed to its present sound during the Old English period (pre-1066) and was spelt cg, thus brycg, ecg. Meanwhile the Latin sounds [j] (as in yes and Hungarian jó) and [g] in the combinations [ge] and [gi] both, independently, also changed to this sound. We inherited these from French, as in justice, injury, gentle, agile. Under Norman French rule, the spelling of the Old English words was changed to match French spelling: so you got things like brigge. The spelling dg might originally have come from a word like judge, where the Late Latin/Old French version had an actual [d] sound in it, which merged with the following -ge.
  3. Cagey post mod (English Only / Latin)

    English - US
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    Last edited by a moderator: Nov 23, 2012
  4. berndf Moderator

    German (Germany)
    THis is not correct. The Old French as well as Anglo-French pronunciation of "g" in front of "e" and "i" was [dʒ] and not [ʒ] as in modern French. The French version of to judge is juger without "d". The "d" is an English invention.
  5. CapnPrep Senior Member

    To answer the question in the thread title, there are a few words ending in ‹j› (and representing the sound [dʒ]) used in English, but they are loanwords that do not conform to English orthographic conventions: raj, hadj/ha(j)j, tej, etc. The general rule for English is: "at the end of a syllable, in words of whatever origin, the sound /dʒ/ is represented always by dge or ge, the letter J not being used in this position" (OED, s.v. G). A similar case is -tch at the end of a syllable, but only ch- at the beginning.
  6. Copperknickers Senior Member

    Scotland - Scots and English
    The letter 'J' in words of Latin origin is a substitute for the consonantal 'I'. There are plenty of words where it appears mid-word without a prefix, eg 'majority', 'majestic'.

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